A re-examination of the life and work of A.F.G. Kerr and of his colleagues and friends

  • John A.N. Parnell Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
  • Francesco Pilla Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
  • David A. Simpson Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • Peter van Welzen Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
  • Kongkanda Chayamarit Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
  • Pranom Chantaranothai Department of Biology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Peter C. Boyce Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Paul Bygrave Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • Caroline Byrne Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
  • S. Chen Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kumming Division of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan
  • Charlotte Couch Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • T. Curtis Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
  • Soejatmi Dransfield Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • Brigitta E.E. Duyfjes Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
  • Wichan Eiadthong Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Hans-Joachim Esser Herbarium, Botanische Staatssammlung München, Menzinger Straße 67, D-80638 München, Germany
  • Paul J. Grote School of Biology, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000
  • Zhu Hua Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kumming Division of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan
  • Matthew Jebb National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
  • Don W. Kirkup Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • Phan Ke Loc Department of Botany, Viet Nam National University, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • Supree S. Larsen Herbarium, Science and Technology Museums, Aarhus University, Ole Worms Alle 1., Build. 1137, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
  • J. Macklin Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
  • A. Madern Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
  • Conor Meade Institute of Bioengineering and Agroecology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland
  • Felix Merklinger Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • David J. Middleton Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Cluny Road, Singapore 259569, Singapore
  • Justin Moat Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • A.Muthama Muasya Department of Biological Sciences 2014, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
  • Pisut Nakmuenwai Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (Public Organization), 120 The Government Complex Commemorating His Majesty The King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December, B.E.2550 (2007), Ratthaprasasanabhakti Building 6th and 7th Floor, Chaeng Wattana Road, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
  • Henrik Pedersen Natural History Museum of Denmark, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 1350 København K, Denmark
  • Colin A. Pendry Herbarium, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
  • Amornrat Prajaksood Department of Biology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Rachun Pooma Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
  • Kanchana Pruesapan Plant Variety Protection Offi ce, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok Herbarium, 50 Phaholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Carmen Puglisi Herbarium, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
  • Apirada Sathapattayanon Srinakharinwirot University, Sukhumvit 23, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
  • Phiangphak Sukkharak Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, 169 Long-Hard Bangsaen Road, Saen Sook, Sub- district, Mueang District, 20131 Chonburi, Thailand
  • George Staples Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Cluny Road, Singapore 259569, Singapore
  • Joeri Strijk Plant Ecophysiology and Evolution Group, College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning, China
  • Somran Suddee Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
  • Sarawood Sungkaew Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Kornkanok Tangjitman Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Atchara Teerawattananon Natural History Museum Thailand (THNHM), National Science Museum, Technopolis, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
  • Jantrararuk Tovaranonte School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 Moo 1, Tambon Tasud, Muang District, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
  • T. Ung UMR 7207 CNRS/MNHN/UPMC, MNHN Département Histoire de la Terre, CP48, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France
  • Anna Trias-Blasi Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • Willem J.J.O. De Wilde 4Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box, 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
  • Paul Wilkin Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
  • Tetsukazu Yahara Center for Asian Conservation Ecology, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka, 819-0395, Japan
Keywords: A.F.G. Kerr, plant collecting, densities and localities, Thailand, GIS, socio-economic history, Irish Botanist, Thai Biogeography Group, Thai photographs, Thai maps, Thai plants

Abstract

Arthur Francis George Kerr’s life is reviewed and related to a previously published account. Kerr’s collecting activity is analysed using an expanded version of the Thai Biogeography Group’s database of collections. 8,666 of the total 48,970 collections are Kerr’s and 3,178 are those of his colleagues and friends. Therefore, the total number of collections made by Kerr and his acquaintances is likely to be larger and more diverse than previously believed. Mapping of these data using GIS show that Kerr’s collecting activities focussed on particular regions of Thailand at particular times. Also large areas of the country remained unexplored by Kerr and his acquaintances: a pattern that, to some extent, persists to this day. The large, but dispersed, archive of Kerr’s photographs, maps, living collections and correspondence indicate that he was a skilled photographer (taking at least 3,000 images), cartographer (producing many hand-drawn maps) and exceptionally acute, accurate and detailed observer (filling numerous notebooks and leaving other records). It is clear that digitising these collections to form an on-line dedicated website is highly desirable to further progress on the flora of Thailand and surrounding countries and would form an unique record of the social history of early 20thC Thailand.

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Author Biographies

John A.N. Parnell, Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin
2, Ireland
Francesco Pilla, Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin
2, Ireland
David A. Simpson, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
3Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Peter van Welzen, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box
9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Kongkanda Chayamarit, Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation,
61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Pranom Chantaranothai, Department of Biology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
Department of Biology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002,
Thailand
Peter C. Boyce, Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan,
Sarawak, Malaysia
Paul Bygrave, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Caroline Byrne, Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin
2, Ireland
S. Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kumming Division of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kumming Division of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan
Charlotte Couch, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
T. Curtis, Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin
2, Ireland
Soejatmi Dransfield, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Brigitta E.E. Duyfjes, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box
9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Wichan Eiadthong, Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Hans-Joachim Esser, Herbarium, Botanische Staatssammlung München, Menzinger Straße 67, D-80638 München, Germany
Herbarium, Botanische Staatssammlung München, Menzinger Straße 67, D-80638 München, Germany
Paul J. Grote, School of Biology, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000
School of Biology, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000
Zhu Hua, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kumming Division of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kumming Division of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan
Matthew Jebb, National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
Don W. Kirkup, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Phan Ke Loc, Department of Botany, Viet Nam National University, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Department of Botany, Viet Nam National University, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Supree S. Larsen, Herbarium, Science and Technology Museums, Aarhus University, Ole Worms Alle 1., Build. 1137, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Herbarium, Science and Technology Museums, Aarhus University, Ole Worms Alle 1., Build. 1137, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
J. Macklin, Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin
2, Ireland
A. Madern, Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Herbarium, Department of Botany & Trinity Centre for Biodiversity, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin
2, Ireland
Conor Meade, Institute of Bioengineering and Agroecology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland
Institute of Bioengineering and Agroecology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co.
Kildare, Ireland
Felix Merklinger, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
David J. Middleton, Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Cluny Road, Singapore 259569, Singapore
Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Cluny Road, Singapore 259569, Singapore
Justin Moat, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
A.Muthama Muasya, Department of Biological Sciences 2014, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
Department of Biological Sciences 2014, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
Pisut Nakmuenwai, Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (Public Organization), 120 The Government Complex Commemorating His Majesty The King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December, B.E.2550 (2007), Ratthaprasasanabhakti Building 6th and 7th Floor, Chaeng Wattana Road, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
Informatics and Space Technology
Development Agency (Public Organization), 120 The Government Complex Commemorating His Majesty The King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December, B.E.2550 (2007), Ratthaprasasanabhakti Building 6th and 7th Floor, Chaeng Wattana Road, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
Henrik Pedersen, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 1350 København K, Denmark
Natural History Museum of Denmark, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 1350 København K, Denmark
Colin A. Pendry, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
19Herbarium, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Amornrat Prajaksood, Department of Biology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
Department of Biology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
Rachun Pooma, Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation,
61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Kanchana Pruesapan, Plant Variety Protection Offi ce, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok Herbarium, 50 Phaholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Plant Variety Protection Offi ce, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok Herbarium, 50 Phaholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Carmen Puglisi, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Apirada Sathapattayanon, Srinakharinwirot University, Sukhumvit 23, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
Srinakharinwirot University, Sukhumvit 23, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
Phiangphak Sukkharak, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, 169 Long-Hard Bangsaen Road, Saen Sook, Sub- district, Mueang District, 20131 Chonburi, Thailand
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, 169 Long-Hard Bangsaen Road, Saen Sook, Sub- district, Mueang District, 20131 Chonburi, Thailand
George Staples, Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Cluny Road, Singapore 259569, Singapore
Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Cluny Road, Singapore 259569, Singapore
Joeri Strijk, Plant Ecophysiology and Evolution Group, College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning, China
Plant Ecophysiology and Evolution Group,
College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning, China
Somran Suddee, Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Office of the Forest Herbarium, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation,
61 Phahonyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Sarawood Sungkaew, Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Kornkanok Tangjitman, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University,
Chiang Mai, Thailand
Atchara Teerawattananon, Natural History Museum Thailand (THNHM), National Science Museum, Technopolis, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
Natural History Museum Thailand (THNHM), National Science Museum, Technopolis, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
Jantrararuk Tovaranonte, School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 Moo 1, Tambon Tasud, Muang District, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 Moo 1, Tambon Tasud, Muang District, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
T. Ung, UMR 7207 CNRS/MNHN/UPMC, MNHN Département Histoire de la Terre, CP48, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France
UMR 7207 CNRS/MNHN/UPMC, MNHN Département Histoire de la Terre, CP48, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France
Anna Trias-Blasi, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Willem J.J.O. De Wilde, 4Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box, 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box, 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Paul Wilkin, Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK
Tetsukazu Yahara, Center for Asian Conservation Ecology, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka, 819-0395, Japan
Center for Asian Conservation Ecology, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka, 819-0395, Japan
Published
2015-12-25
How to Cite
Parnell, J. A., Pilla, F., Simpson, D. A., Welzen, P. van, Chayamarit, K., Chantaranothai, P., Boyce, P. C., Bygrave, P., Byrne, C., Chen, S., Couch, C., Curtis, T., Dransfield, S., Duyfjes, B. E., Eiadthong, W., Esser, H.-J., Grote, P. J., Hua, Z., Jebb, M., Kirkup, D. W., Ke Loc, P., Larsen, S. S., Macklin, J., Madern, A., Meade, C., Merklinger, F., Middleton, D. J., Moat, J., Muasya, A., Nakmuenwai, P., Pedersen, H., Pendry, C. A., Prajaksood, A., Pooma, R., Pruesapan, K., Puglisi, C., Sathapattayanon, A., Sukkharak, P., Staples, G., Strijk, J., Suddee, S., Sungkaew, S., Tangjitman, K., Teerawattananon, A., Tovaranonte, J., Ung, T., Trias-Blasi, A., De Wilde, W. J., Wilkin, P., & Yahara, T. (2015). A re-examination of the life and work of A.F.G. Kerr and of his colleagues and friends. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), (43), 111-131. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ThaiForestBulletin/article/view/44243
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