The Effect of Substituting Fish Meal with Fermented Soybean Meal on the Growth Performance and Immune Parameters of Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

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Siriroj Wangsoontorn
Niti Chuchird
Idsariya Wudtisin
Allen Crook

Abstract

A 60-day growth trial of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) was performed. Fish meal (FM) was replaced with 0 %, 25%, 50%, or 100% fermented soybean meal (FSBM) to create four iso-nitrogenous experimental diets. Thirty shrimp (initial mean body weight 4.44 ± 0.03 g) were stocked into 500 L tanks, and each dietary treatment was assigned to eight replicate tanks. The shrimp survival rate was not significantly affected (P > 0.05) by the dietary FSBM levels. Shrimp fed the 50% FSBM diet grew the fastest, followed by the group fed 25% FSBM, zero % FSBM, and 100% FSBM. There were significant differences (P < 0.05) in the growth performance of the four experimental groups. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) of the shrimp fed the 50% FSBM diet was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than that of the shrimp fed the 25% FSBM, zero % FSBM, and 100% FSBM diets. Shrimp fed the 50% FSBM and 25% FSBM diets showed the highest immune responses, followed by the groups that were fed zero % FSBM and 100% FSBM. This study revealed that up to 50% of FM protein can be replaced by FSBM protein in shrimp diets without any negative effects on shrimp health.

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