Potential Fucoxanthin Production from a Marine Diatom

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Worathep Supramaetakorn
Shettapong Meksumpun
Kazuhiko Ichimi
Nissara Thawonsode
Oning Veschasit

Abstract

Potential production of fucoxanthin from a marine diatom (Chaetoceros sp.) isolated from the Pranburi River mouth, Gulf of Thailand was investigated. Results showed that Chaetoceros sp. had a high growth rate. Specific growth rate (µ) was approximately 0.59 day-1, while doubling time was approximately 1.18 days under irradiance of 70 µmol photons·m-2·s-1. Specific growth rate increased with increasing irradiance (µ=1.04 at 140 µmol photons·m-2·s-1). The doubling time of this Chaetoceros sp. was only 0.67 days under irradiance of 140 µmol photons·m-2·s-1. Results from HPLC analysis demonstrated that Chaetoceros sp. gave maximum fucoxanthin production at 7.68 mg·g-1 dry weight or 5.87 pg·cell-1 under irradiance of 140 µmol photons·m-2·s-1. Findings implied that the selected Chaetoceros sp. showed higher potential for commercial-scale fucoxanthin production than other seaweeds and diatoms.

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