Effect of Nutritional Education in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery at Queen Sirikit Heart Center of the Northeast, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University.

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Chittiporn Wichitthongchai
Suwalee Lowirakorn

Abstract

Background and objectives: This quasi-experimental research was conducted to investigate the effects of nutrition education of postoperative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients at the Queen Sirikit Heart Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University.

Methodology: Assessing knowledge and attitude were carried out before and after conducting nutritional education.  In addition, nutrient intakes and food consumption behavior were compared between before and after the intervention. There were 20 postoperative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. Data were collected by means of questionnaires and nutritional assessment form during March-May 2012. Descriptive statistics namely : frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, median were calculated. Paired t-test, independent t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were performed for comparing the results of before and after implementing nutritional education.

Results: Mean of knowledge after intervention (18.75 (S.D.=0.55)) was statistically significant higher than before intervention (15.65 (S.D.=2.53)) (p<0.001). After conducting nutritional education, patient’s attitude toward food consumption behavior was better than before statistically significant (p< 0.001). Also, percentages of high level of food consumption behavior score (41-55 scores) before and after the interventions were 40.0 and 80.0 %, respectively. Mean score of practice after the intervention (45.40 (S.D.=5.05)) was statistically significant higher than before the intervention (38.30 (S.D.=8.05) (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Patients received nutrition education on dietary behavior, the better. I also want to behave themselves and the risk of recurrence have been.

Keywords: food consumption behavior, Ischemic heart disease patients.

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