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Background and objective : Diabetes mellitus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Only small numbers of patients achieved established targets of diabetes control in Saimun Hospital. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of group diabetes education on Hb A1c, lipid profiles and body mass index in type 2 diabetic patients in Saimun Hospital.
Methods : This study was a one group pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design. A total of 40 subjects with type 2 diabetes were assigned to group education program. Subjects received the education program in six sequential sessions in 6-month period. Changes were assessed at baseline and after 6-month education session.
Results : HbA1c decreased from 9.69 ± 1.71 % at baseline to 9.12 ± 1.67 % at 6 month (p < 0.01). Total cholesterol decreased from 212.65 ± 55.19 mg/dl at baseline to 196.63 ± 47.07 mg/dl at 6 months (p < 0.01). Total triglyceride decreased from 315.40 ± 150.61 mg/dl at baseline to 250.85 ± 110.62 mg/dl at 6 months (p < 0.01). Body mass index decreased from 25.05 ± 4.84 kg/m2 at baseline to 24.72 ± 4.47 kg/m2 at 6 months (p=0.03).
Conclusion : This study demonstrated that group diabetes education was effective for diabetic control among type 2 diabetic patients in Saimun Hospital.Keywords : Type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic control, group education program
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