Outcomes of Group Education Program for Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Saimun Hospital

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Pakasit Ovatakanont
Wiriya Wiriya Sunthara


Background and objective : Diabetes mellitus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality.  Only small numbers of patients  achieved  established targets of diabetes control  in Saimun Hospital. The  aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of group diabetes education  on Hb A1c, lipid profiles and body mass  index in type 2 diabetic patients in Saimun Hospital.

Methods : This study was a one group pretest and posttest quasi-experimental  design. A total of 40 subjects with type 2 diabetes were assigned to group education  program. Subjects  received the  education program in six sequential  sessions in 6-month period. Changes were assessed at baseline and after 6-month  education session.

Results : HbA1c decreased from 9.69 ± 1.71 % at baseline to  9.12 ± 1.67 % at 6 month (p < 0.01). Total cholesterol decreased from 212.65 ± 55.19 mg/dl  at baseline to 196.63 ± 47.07 mg/dl at 6 months (p < 0.01). Total triglyceride decreased from 315.40 ± 150.61 mg/dl at baseline to 250.85 ± 110.62 mg/dl at 6 months (p < 0.01). Body mass index decreased from 25.05 ± 4.84 kg/m2 at baseline to 24.72 ± 4.47 kg/m2 at 6 months (p=0.03).

Conclusion : This study demonstrated that group diabetes education was effective for diabetic control among type 2 diabetic patients in Saimun Hospital.

Keywords : Type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic control, group education program


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