Effects of Smoking Cessation Program among Dental Patients in the Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry, Khon Kaen University.

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Jidapha Udommage
Rujira Duangsong

Abstract

Background and objective : Smoking is the main risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, lung, cardiovascular and oral diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of smoking cessation programe for dental patients by the self-regulation theory  and social support  theory.

Methods : This study is quasi – experimental study. Dental patients attending the Dental Hospital at the Faculty of Dentistry, Khon Kaen University dontrol were divided equally into experimental and control group seachcontrol of 36 subjects. The experimental group received a smoking cessation program, which was composed of various different activities, including health information about smoking, video-modelling, self-observation, exercise training, smoking reduction planning, and self - reinforcement. All members of the group were also given a handbook about smoking reduction.

Results : At the end of the study the experimental group showed statistically significant improvements in the mean scores for knowledge, perceived self-efficacy and the practice of smoking, but there was no significant change in outcome expectation. However, the experimental group means were significantly better than those of the comparison group on all four outcome variables.

Conclusions : After implementation, the experimental group had means score of knowledge, self – efficacy, outcome expectation and practice more than before implementation and comparison group significantly 
(p< 0.001)

Key word : Self-Regulation Theory  , Social Support  Theory,  Smoking Reduction

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