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Background and Objective: Asthma is not only a serious health problem but it can also lead to continuous infection of the respiratory system. According to the World Health Organization (WHO),there are about 300 millions asthma patients around the world and over 50,000 patients die every day of asthma related complications. Recent statistics from the ๕๐th Anniversary of Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital in Ubon Ratchathani Province reveal a 104.87% increase in the number of asthma patients locally. For this reason, the ๕๐th Anniversary of Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital has been striving to solve the problem. The study was designed in 2550-2551 and EAC access was implemented. The purpose of the study was to examine the results of the treatment for asthma patients as well as learn from the asthmatic care given in the outpatient department in the ๕๐th Anniversary of Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani Province.
Methods : The sample used in this study was 43 adult asthmatics selected by purposive random sampling. This was a quasi experiment study giving types of asthma care. The asthmatics who were evaluated had attacks during the day and night and were given medicine to relieve the symptoms as well as PEFR. The statistics were formulated and analyzed by using frequency, percentage, and the Friedman’s test with data from pre and post asthma care treatment for the 43 adult patients.
Results: The results of the study are as follows: The satisfaction of the asthma patients studied, increased from 75 percent to 86 percent. The pre and post asthma care symptoms during the day and night changed significantly by a value of 0.05 from the PEFR value.
Conclusions : As a result of the study, it is clear that patients can actively do self-evaluation and contribute to the prevention of the onset of asthma. Asthma has been a health problem prompting patients to visit the OPD and ER repeatedly. Now, the number of patients visiting the OPD and ER is decreasing. The hospital should actively apply the results of this research in asthma care in order fully maximize the effectiveness of the treatment. Asthmatics should be fully advised on the symptoms and how to prevent the onset of an asthma attack. Furthermore, the hospital should proactively provide prevention and asthma care training to families in the community.
Keywords : System, Care, Asthma, PEFR,EAC