Hazard Perception and Preventive Performances o f Pesticide Applied to Jasmine and Gardenia of the Villagers Living in Sila Subdistrict, Muang district, Khon Kaen Province

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Yupa Thavornpitak
Kingkaew Kedkovit
Witat Chanposri
Prasert Thavondunstid

Abstract

Background and Objective :   Pesticide misuse was not only dangerous to  the user’s health but also harmful to the environment. Additionally, it also harm other people who are not concerning with. This research was conducted in order to examine the hazard perception and preventive performances of the pesticide utilization of the villagers who grow jasmines and gardenias and the one who make garlands.

Methods : The research was  cross-sectional descriptive study and there  were 204 samples selected by simple random sampling. Interview technique with structural questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive data analyse were performed with 95% confidence interval.

Results : The  villagers realized the hazard of pesticide usage at low level of 24.0 percent (95% CI :18.1-30.0). The result found that the performances of the villager who grow jasmines and gardenias in preventing pesticide hazard were not right. One percent (95% CI: 0-1.4) stirred the pesticide with their hands. Three  percent (95% CI : 0.7-9.8) opened the pesticide bottles with mouth.  Five  percent (95% CI : 1.4-12.4) blew the nozzle with mouth when it was blocked.  Sixty eight percent (95% CI : 57.8-77.8) mixed various kinds of  pesticide . Twenty six  percent (95% CI : 16.9-35.8) did not close their mouth and nose while spraying pesticide.  Eighty one percent (95% CI : 71.4-91.0) pour the water used for cleaning equipment of spraying pesticide in water or area near water sources. Thirty four percent (95% CI : 23.4-44.5) collected the flower same day of spraying pesticide. The result concerning with the villager who make garlands found that 52.8 percent (95% CI : 45.4-60.1) did not avoid smelling jasmines.  Thirty nine percent (95% CI : 32.0-46.4) used their hands to take some foods to mouth while making garlands.  One percent (95% CI 0.1-3.9) floated jasmines in syrup or coconut milk. Thirty percent (95% CI  23.1-36.5) did not wash their hands with soup  after making garlands.

Conclusions : It  shows that the performances of the villagers in preventing pesticide hazard were not right, especially mixing various kinds of  pesticide , pouring the water used for cleaning equipment of spraying pesticide in water or area near water sources and collecting the flower on the same day of spraying pesticide. Natural water sources become contaminated by pesticides and increase the risk of exposing hazardous pesticides.

Keywords : Pesticide    Hazard perception

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