The Prevalence and Associated Factors of working Posture of Low Back Pain in the Textile Occupation (Fishing Net) In Khon Kaen Province

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Petcharat Keawduangdee
Rungthip Puntumetakul
Wantana Siritaratiwat
Yodchai Boonprakob
Sawitri Wanpen
Panee Rithmark
Yupa Thavornpitak

Abstract

Background and Objective: Low back pain is an important health problem, especially in industrial occupation.  The knowledge of prevalence and associated factors of low back pain is important basic informations which can give potential practical guidance to prevent low back pain in order to minimize risk of low back pain. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of low back pain in the past seven days, and 12 months, and the working absence and associated factors of working posture of low back pain in the textile occupation (fishing net factory).

Methods: The Cross-sectional study was conducted in a fishing net textile industry in Khon Kaen. Subjects were asked to fill in the self-administered questionnaires which were modified from the Standard Nordic Questionnaire Thai version and the Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire.

Results: The prevalences of low back pain in the past seven days, and 12 months, and the working absence due to low back pain were 71.8% (95%CI: 67.33-76.02), 76% (95%CI: 71.67-79.93), and 26.3% (95%CI: 22.24-30.74), respectively. The associated factors of working posture of low back pain were prolonged standing and walking (OR = 4.70, 95%CI = 1.86-12.52, p < 0.001), repetitive stooping (OR = 3.49, 95%CI = 2.17-5.58, p < 0.001), prolonged jobs requiring high concentration (OR = 2.45, 95%CI = 1.56-3.85, p < 0.001),  prolonged reaching (OR = 2.31, 95%CI = 1.47-3.63, p < 0.001), repetitive twisting (OR = 2.29, 95%CI = 1.43-3.64,
p < 0.001), lifting (OR = 2.17, 95%CI = 1.31-3.58, p = 0.001) , and pushing or pulling (OR = 1.65, 95%CI = 1.42-2.61, p = 0.023).

Conclusion: The findings showed that low back pain was an important problem which should not be neglected, and working posture was associated factors of low back pain. Therefore, investigation of the prevalence and associated factors of low back pain is beneficial to prevent the workers working in the industry suffering from the low back pain.

Keywords: prevalence, associated factors of working posture, low back pain, fishing net

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