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Blackground: Menopausal women are the important human resource in developing country society and economic. Menopause is the period of physiologic changes that may cause inappropriate health and nutritional practice. We carimed to study nutritional status, food consumption and health practice among menopausal women. This study would provide useful information to develop the proper practices among menopausal women.
Objective: To determine nutritional status, food consumption and health practice among peri and post menopausal women attending the Menopausal Clinic, Srinagarind Hospital.
Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study
Population: One hundred and twenty-one peri and post menopausal women attending the Menopausal clinic and living in Amphur Muang, Khon Kaen Provice
Statistical analyses: All data were analyzed using descriptive statistics; frequencies, percentage, mean and standard deviation by the statistical software STATA.
Results: Sixty-nine point four percent of menopausal women were 55-59 years old. Their energy intake was 65.5% of recommended diary allowances (mean = 1,147 calories) while protein intake was 97.9% of recommended diary allowances (mean = 52 gram.). Most protein sources were from animals that had high quality. Women received calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, and vitamin C less than 2/3 of recommended dietary were 93.9%, 99.1%, 85.1%, 59.5% and 55.3% respectively. The energy distribution from carbohydrate, protein and fat was 60.2%, 17.3% and 22.0 % respectively. According to nutritional status, menopausal women were over weight and obese and risk status of obesity at 41.3% and 25.6% respectively. Moreover, 36.4% of them had waist-hip ratio more than 0.8 that was at risk from chronic diseases.
Conclusion: Over half of menopausal women were over nutrition status. They got energy and nutrient lower than recommended diary allowances. Therefore, menopausal women should be educated on the appropriate of food consumption.
Keywords: Nutritional status, Food consumption, Health practice, Menopausal women