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At Srinagarind Hospital , from January 1982 to January 1988, 34 case of intussusception were studied retrospectively . Barium enema reduction were performed in 19 intussusceptions and were successful in 6 cases or 31.58% There were 3 recurrences. Repeat hydrostatic reduction was successful in one and failed in two cases. The later two cases needed a surgical intervention and leading points were noted. Colonic perforation occurred in 6 cases. One case occurred during barium enema reduction on the third trial and leading point was noted at operation.
Factor which influenced failure of the hydrostatic reduction included long duration of illness, presented of leading point and underlying colonic pathology in old age.
Clinical evidence of intestinal perforation (peritonitis) or free intraperitoneal air on abdominal radiographs was the only absulute contraindication to the administration of barium enema to the patient suspected of intussusception.
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