Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Markers in Medical Personnel

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Yupa Urwijitaroon
Pisake Lumbiganon
Malinee Laopaiboon
Sujarit Wankahard

Abstract

The prevalence of HBV markers among medical personnel at Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Northeast of Thailand, was studied by hemagglutination (HA) and ELISA techniques.  The overall prevalence of HBV markers was 49.37%.  The highest prevalence was found in medical doctors followed by laboratory personnel, nurses and the workers had the lowest prevalence.  After control for the effect of age and sex by multiple logistic regression, the medical doctors and the laboratory personnel were found to have statistically significant higher risk of HBV infection.

ELISA was statistically more sensitive than HA in detecting antiHBs (p<.05).  The difference between ELISA and HA in detecting HbsAg and antiHBc was not statistically significant.

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