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This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of head lice in primary school children and to compare the efficacy of 25% benzyl benzoate versus 1% gamma benzene hexachloride (1% lindane). The prevalence rate was 31.58% (66 out of 209). Eighteen out of 24 (75%) were cured when they were treated by 25% benzyl benzoate. Twenty-six out of thirty (86.67%) were cured when they were treated by 1% lindane. There was no statistical significant difference between the two pesticides for treatment head lice (P>0.05, Chi-square test). The doctors can choose one of the two pesticides for treatment head lice.
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