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Despite the high morbidity of the complication in the urinary tract infection in children there remains considerable controversy over how best to inestigate these children. This study was carried out to see the relationship of the anomaly in urinary system and the risk factor that found in children with urinary tract infection. One hundred and seventy six children with urinary tract infection was investigated by radiology examination. The anomaly of the urinary system were found in 68 children (38.63%) There were 444 boys and 24 girls. Sixty one percent of the anomaly were found in children children under five years of age. The stone, hydronephrosis, hydroureter and caliectasis were found respectively.
However we found that there is low prevalence of the anomaly in the girls over two years of age with lower tract infection (low risk group) but there is no statistical correlation between the risk factor and the anomaly in urinary system. This suggests that we should be investigated for anomaly in every cases of children with urinary tract infection.