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Background: According to the traditional practices on food consumption, in previous days the pregnant women and post-partum mothers were taught to perform themselves strickly. Nowadays some practices are known as medically inconsistent. Some practices are still appropriate, however, they have been forgotten. knowing the existing traditional practices is helpful to develop mothernal and child‘s health cares.
Objective: The aim of this research was to explore the existing traditional practices on food consumption in pregnant women and post- partum mothers
Method: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were obtained by using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. For the quantitative data, 493 mothers who had the children’ s age between 0-2 years were directly interviewed. The samples were selected through 1-stage cluster sampling from 69 villages in Nong Rua District. The data analysis were performed using descriptive statistics; percentage, mean, standard deviation and 95% CI. The qualitative data regarding the old local wisdom in health traditional practice were obtained from the in-depth interview and the focus group discussion .
Setting: Nong Rua District, Khon Kaen Province
Results: It was found that the pregnant women performed traditional practice only in increased coconut water drinking in 96.1% (95% CI 94.0, 97. 5). However, the other practices, such as not to eat hot food, fatty food, sweets and eggs, were performed in 37.7% , 22.0%, 10.7% and 5.9% of the studied subjects, respectively. The post-partum mothers consumed their food with banana flower to increase breast milk 80.3% (95% CI 75.8, 84. 2). Nevertheless, they denied to eat muscouvy duck 50% (95% CI 43 , 56), acacia pennata 41.2% and giant water bugs 23.1%
Keyword: Local wisdom, Traditional practice, Pregnant women, Post-partum mother
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