Organizational commitment and related factors among employees at Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University

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Piyathida Kuhirunyaratn
Prisana Jaiboon
Prasert Prasomruk
Prasit Chiangnangarm
Somboon Thienthong

Abstract

 Background and objective: An increasing turnover of employees, especially nurses, pressures the Faculty of Medicine more concern about employees’ organization commitment. The purpose of this survey was to identify the level of organization commitment and factors related among employees at Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University.

 Methods: The samples were 852 persons who had been working in the Faculty of Medicine and were chosen by random sampling. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires constructed from the literature review included 15 questions for organization commitment and 29 questions for its related factors. They were asked to base their responses from 1-5 scale and then classified level of commitment upon the following five-point Likert’s scale; ranging from highest, high, modest, low and lowest level. The frequencies, percentage, mean, standard deviations, 95% CI, Independent sample t test, ANOVA were used in this study.

 Results: Response rate was 80.75%, most of them were female (78.4%) with median age of 44 year (IQR 17), and 42.5% were bachelor degree. The overall organization mean score was high (3.82, SD 0.44, 95%CI=3.78, 3.85). The highest relationship score was loyalties to the organization domain while the lowest score was devotes to the organization domain. This study also found sex, education level, age, length of work and income were related to the employees’ commitment with statistical significance.

Conclusion: The overall level of organization commitment was rather high mainly from the organizational factors. However, to increase level of employees’ commitment, their incomes should be concerned, especially for bachelor degree employee who’s below 29 year old.

Key Words: Organizational commitment and related factors

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