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Background and objectives: Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease that caused by a group of Enteroviruses, including Coxsackiesvirus A16 and Enterovirus 71(EV71). Infection with EV71 is important to severe disease in children. Over the last decade, many outbreaks of HFMD has been reported in Thailand, including Kalasin, Khon-Kean and Loi-et Province. This Quasi – Experimental research aimed at to investigate the effectiveness of a health education program in Childhood Prevention of Hand Foot Mouth Disease by the Application of Health Belief Model and Social Support of Caregivers and Child’s Parents in Child Care Center at Muang District, Khon Kaen Province
Methods: The health education program included knowledge lectures, video distributed media and workshops, all of which were designed to promote the prevention and control of Hand, Foot and Mouth disease (HFMD) for 3’P (Basic Screening of Health Promotion, Hygiene of Health Promotion, Environment of Health Promotion) and Preventive Measures for Hand Foot Mouth Disease. Data were described using percentages, means and standard deviations and The comparison within group means were tested by paired t –test and independent t-test to test for the differences between group means at the 0.05 level of significance.
Results: The results revealed that mean score knowledge Perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and behavior for the prevention of hand, foot, mouth disease of the experimental group were significantly higher than before implementation and more than the comparison group (p<0.001).