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Background and objective: According to Criminal Procedure Law, unnatural deaths must be investigated by forensic pathologists and police officers. Unnatural deaths in Muang district, Khon Kaen province and those referred cases from other hospitals in the northeastern region were autopsied in Srinagarind hospital, Faculty of Medicine Khon Kaen University. The objective of this study is to estimate the 5-year incidence of suicides in Srinagarind hospital, Khon Kaen province.
Methods: The death certificate and autopsy reports of suicides at the department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University during January 2006 to 31 December 2010 were reviewed. The data were analysed by descriptive statistics and based on their sex, age, methods of choice and manner of death.
Results: Of the 1966 unnatural death cases,169 cases (8.6 %) were from suicide; 138 were males and 31 females. The most common method of suicide was hanging (86.98%). The others include poisoning, wound were found 10.06 % and 2.96 %, respectively. Four gunshot wound cases were found only in males. Suicide rate by age groups were mostly found in 35-44 years (29.59%) and 25-34 years,15-24 years,45-54 years were found 20.12 %,19.53%,17.16 % ,respectively.Children under 15 years didn’t commit suicide. Most of cases committed suicide in October(24,14.2%) March(18, 10.65%) and January(16, 9.47%).
Conclusion: The number of suicidal victims were small compared to other manner of death (homicide, accident). Hanging was the most common method of choice for suicide.The most common age group was 35-44 years. Poisoning and wound were the next most common manner of death, which most occurred in October and March. Children under 15 years didn’ t commit suicide.