Rehabilitation after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

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Sompiya Somthavil
Onuma Boonyarom
Kanokwan Srisupornkornkool

Abstract

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a surgical method of treating patients who have had an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. Rehabilitation after this surgery is important, and its main goal is to enable a patient to return to his or her common activities. This post-surgical rehabilitation has various stages, each of which has its own methods especially choosing bone-patellar tendon-bone grafts, which is a gold standard method. These stages include reducing pain, decreasing swelling or effusion, increasing range of motion, using aid devices, bearing weight on the involved leg, proprioception exercises, and physical performance training, which includes muscle strength, flexibility, and endurance. Then come functional movement training and rehabilitation for return to sport. For a full recovery, should be accompanied by training aimed at improving core strength, upper-body strength, and cardiovascular strength.

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References

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