Epidemiology of Eye Diseases in Handi-capped Inmates, Ubon Ratchathani Province

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Siripong Siramon
Latiporn Udomsuk
Virarat Jinatongthai


Background and objectives: Blindness and vision impairment (VI) are a global problem that the causes of the VI are usually preventable. Handi-capped inmate (HI) has their freedom restricted, however, a proper healthcare should not be restricted. Epidemiological study about eye diseases may be useful for planning the effective screening program and comprehensive eye care in HIs.

Methods: A descriptive analysis using a data from questionnaires, refractive values and comprehensive eye exam in HIs at the central prison, Ubon Ratchathani province was done between February - March 2020.

Results: Sixty HIs in this study, which 58 HIs had physical disability (96.67%). Sixteen HIs had distant VI (26.67%), which common causes were cataract and refractive error. HIs whom aged 35 years old and older had near VI about 18 cases (39.1%). Dry eye symptoms were commonly found which compatible with ocular surface abnormalities e.g. pinguecula, pterygium and abnormal conjunctival and corneal fluorescein staining were 98.33%, 35% and 75%, respectively.

Conclusion: VI and eye diseases were commonly found in HIs which should be received a comprehensive eye care from public health team, prison staff and ophthalmologist. Effective visual acuity testing, eye disease screening in prison and referring to ophthalmologist are necessary. Ocular surface diseases should be concerned in HIs with vision disturbance.


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Siramon S, Udomsuk L, Jinatongthai V. Epidemiology of Eye Diseases in Handi-capped Inmates, Ubon Ratchathani Province. SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2021 Jan. 19 [cited 2023 Feb. 5];36(1):48-54. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/248658
Original Articles


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