Prevalence and Factors Associated with Metabolic Syndrome at Health Promoting Hospital, Khon Kaen

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Paiboon Chattakul

Abstract

Objective: Metabolic syndrome is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Nowadays, the global prevalence of metabolic syndrome has been increased. The authors aimed to study the prevalence and the associated factors of metabolic syndrome in Health Promoting hospital, Regional health promotion center 7, Khonkaen.


Method: This was an analytical cross-sectional study, A convenience sample composed of 302 persons who came for check up at health promotion clinic, in health promoting hospital, Regional health promotion center 7, during 15 January - 15 March 2021. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed by using modified NCEP ATP III 2005 criteria. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was calculated. The significant health factors related to metabolic syndrome were analyzed, using 2-sided Chi-square and logistic regression analysis.


Results: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 32.78 % (23.71% in men, 25.66 % in women who age< 60 years and 52.94% in men, 50% in women who age >60 years). Factors that were significantly related to metabolic syndrome were age, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and familial history of dyslipidemia.


Conclusion: Nearly one-third of the population in our study had metabolic syndrome. It is important to find the related factors that should be mainly focused to modify and prevent the metabolic syndrome.

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References

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