Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventive Behaviors of COVID-19 among Residents in Pru Yai Sub-district, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province

Main Article Content

Daranchanok Phansuma
Pongsit Boonruksa


Background and Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic causes deaths, health effects, and economic impacts across the world including Thailand. This study aimed to identify knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behaviors of COVID-19 and their factors among residents in Pru Yai Sub-district, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima province.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 348 samples. Data were collected using a questionnaire. It consisted of personal informations, and a set of questions to assess COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behaviors. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation, and Chi-square test.  

Results: The average score of knowledge was moderate, whereas those of attitudes and preventive behaviors were good. Most subjects had a good level of knowledge (62.4%), attitudes (71.3%), and preventive behaviors of COVID-19 (72.4%). Knowledge was positive correlated with attitude (rs= 0.49) and with preventive behavior (rs = 0.47). Attitude had a positive correlation with preventive behavior (rs = 0.79). Factors related to the level of knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior were age, education level, income, and source of COVID-19 information via the internet/social media platform.

Conclusions:  Knowledge and attitudes had relationships with preventive behaviors of COVID-19. The level of the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors were related to personal characteristics. The data could be used as guidelines for efficient COVID-19 pandemic prevention and control in the communities.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Phansuma ด, Boonruksa พ. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventive Behaviors of COVID-19 among Residents in Pru Yai Sub-district, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province. Srinagarind Med J [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 4 [cited 2022 Jan. 22];36(5):597-604. Available from:
Original Articles


1. World Health Organization (WHO). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Situation Report–126. Retrieved May 25, 2020. Available from:
2. Silva PC, Batista PV, Lima HS, Alves MA, Guimarães FG, Silva RC. COVID-ABS: An agent-based model of COVID-19 epidemic to simulate health and economic effects of social distancing interventions. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals 2020; 139: 110088.
3. คำนวณ อึ้งชูศักดิ์, ศุภมิตร ชุณห์สุทธิวัฒน์. วิกฤติโควิด-19 ในประเทศไทย: การเปลี่ยนผ่านจากมาตรการ “กึ่งล็อคดาวน์” สู่การมี “เสถียรภาพ”. วารสารวิชาการสาธารณสุข 2020; 29(2): 377-380.
4. กระทรวงสาธารณสุข. ประกาศกระทรวงสาธารณสุข เรื่อง ชื่อและอาการสำคัญของโรคติดต่ออันตราย (ฉบับที่ 3) พ.ศ.2563. [อินเตอร์เน็ต] 2564. [เข้าถึงเมื่อ 15 มกราคม 2564]; เข้าถึงจาก:
5. ศูนย์ปฏิบัติการภาวะฉุกเฉิน กรมอนามัย. รายงานสถานการณ์โรคติดต่อเชื้อไวรัสโคโรนา 2019 ฉบับที่ 179 วันที่ 30 มิถุนายน 2563. [อินเตอร์เน็ต] 2563. [เข้าถึงเมื่อ 1 กรกฎาคม 2563]; เข้าถึงจาก:
6. นครราชสีมา COVID-19. รายงานสถานการณ์โควิด 19 จังหวัดนครราชสีมา ข้อมูล ณ วันที่ 30 มิถุนายน 2563. [อินเตอร์เน็ต] 2563. [เข้าถึงเมื่อ 1 กรกฎาคม 2563]; เข้าถึงจาก:
7. Reuben RC, Danladi MM, Saleh DA, Ejembi PE. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: an epidemiological survey in North-Central Nigeria. J Community Health 2020; 7: 1-14. doi: 10.1007/s10900-020-00881-1
8. Puspitasari IM, Yusuf L, Sinuraya RK, Abdulah R, Koyama H. Knowledge, attitude, and practice during the COVID-19 pandemic: a review. J Multidiscip Healthc 2020; 13: 727-733.
9. Malik UR, Atif N, Hashmi FK, Saleem F, Saeed H, Islam M, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of healthcare professionals on COVID-19 and risk assessment to prevent the epidemic spread:a multicenter cross-sectional study from Punjab, Pakistan. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(17): 6395.
10. Olum R, Chekwech G, Wekha G, Nassozi DR, Bongomin F. Coronavirus disease-2019: knowledge, attitude, and practices of health care workers at Makerere University Teaching Hospitals, Uganda. Front Public Health 2020; 8: 181.
11. Saqlain M, Munir MM, Rehman SU, Gulzar A, Naz S, Ahmed Z, et al. Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers among healthcare workers regarding COVID-19: a cross-sectional survey from Pakistan. J Hosp Infect 2020; 105(3): 419-423.
12. Zhang M, Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H, Zhang L, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Henan, China. J Hosp Infect 2020; 105(2): 183-187.
13. Alhazmi A, Ali MH, Mohieldin A, Aziz F, Osman OB, Ahmed WA. Knowledge, attitudes and practices among people in Saudi Arabia regarding COVID-19: A cross-sectional study. J Public Health Res 2020; 9(3): 345-353.
14. Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. Plos One 2020; 15(5): e0233668.
15. Yue S, Zhang J, Cao M, Chen B. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of COVID-19 among urban and rural residents in China: a cross-sectional study. J Community Health 2021; 46: 286-291.
16. Bloom BS. Learning for mastery. Instruction and curriculum. Regional education laboratory for the Carolinas and Virginia, Topical papers and reprints, Number 1. Evaluation Comment 1968; 1(2): 1-12.
17. บุศณี มุจรินทร์ม, ประเสริฐ ประสมรักษ์, สำราญ เหล็กงาม. พฤติกรรมการป้องกันตนเอง ความเครียดและการเผชิญความเครียดในภาวะวิกฤติด้านสุขภาพจากการแพร่ระบาดชองโรคติดต่อเชื้อไวรัสโคโรนา (COVID-19) ในจังหวัดอำนาจเจริญ. วารสารการพัฒนาสุขภาพชุมชน มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น 2563; 8: 413-424.
18. Li S, Feng B, Liao W, Pan W. Internet use, risk awareness, and demographic characteristics associated with engagement in preventive behaviors and testing: cross-sectional survey on COVID-19 in the United States. J Med Internet Res 2020; 22(6): e19782.
19. Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci 2020; 16(10): 1745-1752.
20. Pathman A, Aziah BD, Zahiruddin WM, Mohd NS, Sukeri S, Tengku Zetty TJ, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, practices and health beliefs toward leptospirosis among urban and rural communities in Northeastern Malaysia. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018; 15(11): 2425.
21. Liu L, Liu YP, Wang J, An LW, Jiao JM. Use of a knowledge-attitude-behaviour education programme for Chinese adults undergoing maintenance haemodialysis: Randomized controlled trial. J Int Med Res 2016; 44(3): 557-568.
22. Dirawan GD, Yahya M, Taiyeb M. The Community Disease Prevention Behaviors in District Maros South Sulawesi Province. Int Educ Stud 2015; 8(11): 104-112.
23. Chen X, Chen H. Differences in preventive behaviors of COVID-19 between urban and rural residents: lessons learned from a cross-sectional study in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(12): 4437.
24. Abdelhafiz AS, Mohammed Z, Ibrahim ME, Ziady HH, Alorabi M, Ayyad M, et al. Knowledge, perceptions, and attitude of egyptians towards the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). J Community Health 2020; 45: 881-890.
25. Kim Y, Zhong W, Jehn M, Walsh L. Public risk perceptions and preventive behaviors during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2015; 9(2): 145-154.
26. Southwell BG, Niederdeppe J, Cappella JN, Gaysynsky A, Kelley DE, Oh A, et al. Misinformation as a misunderstood challenge to public health. Am J Prev Med 2019; 57(2): 282-285.
27. Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar SK, Sharma N, Verma SK, Kaushal V. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian J Psychiatr 2020; 51: 1-7.