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Fracture-related infection (FRI) is a severe complication after fracture especially open fracture and can pose an important diagnostic challenge. Accurate and rapid diagnosis of FRI is critical issue for increasing clinical outcomes, preventing risks to patients’ quality of life such as nonunion or amputation, and decreasing in healthcare costs. However, there is a limited amount of scientific evidence regarding diagnostic criteria for FRI. The purpose of this article was to summarize the available evidence and provide recommendations for the diagnosis of FRI.
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