Abdominal Ultrasonographic Findings of Risk Population in Cholangiocarcinoma Ultrasound Screening Unit: One-Stop-Service

Main Article Content

Supatcha Deewangphon
Nittaya Chamadol
Narong Khuntikeo
Watcharin Loilome

Abstract

Background and objective: The only potentially curative treatment for patients with early-stage cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is surgery. Most of CCA patients go to the physician at late stage or developing jaundice. The ultrasound is an important tool in CCA screening for detecting early-stage CCA. The purpose of the present study was to define the prevalence of CCA and identify abdominal ultrasonographic findings.


Material and methods: This retrospectively descriptive study, the authors reviewed the medical records and abdominal ultrasonographic findings of CCA risk population in CCA ultrasonography screening unit: One-Stop-Service.


Results: Among 538 risk populations, there were 26.4% male and female 73.6%. The prevalence of CCA is 0.2%. There were 72.9% with abnormal ultrasonographic findings (392 cases, 78.2% male, 71% female). In addition, ultrasonography diagnosis demonstrated the appearance for suspicious CCA in 1.1% of cases (6/358) , which 2 cases had mass plus dilate intrahepatic duct (IHD), 2 cases had only mass and 2 cases had only dilate IHD. There were 2 fatty liver or normal liver each, and there was either cirrhosis or liver parenchymal change. One was diagnosed to highly suspicious for CCA by computerized tomography (CT), which the pathologically proven to have CCA. 2 cases were CT diagnosed to suspicious for CCA or hepatoma (HCC), which one case was MRI diagnosed to HCC (the pathologically proven to have cirrhosis with regenerative nodule) and one case the pathologically proven to have HCC. 3 cases were CT diagnosed to have hemangioma, gallstone plus cholangitis and distal common bile duct stenosis. Moreover, there were 37.4% fatty liver and 16.5% periductal fibrosis.


Conclusion: The prevalence of CCA has been high in the CCA ultrasound screening unit. The CCA screening by ultrasound is very useful in order to identify the early CCA cases, which will benefit for the patients interm of diagnosis and treatment. The ultrasound used to suggest additional CT or MRI.

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Deewangphon S, Chamadol N, Khuntikeo N, Loilome W. Abdominal Ultrasonographic Findings of Risk Population in Cholangiocarcinoma Ultrasound Screening Unit: One-Stop-Service. SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 30 [cited 2023 Jan. 30];37(4):373-87. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/254712
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