Incidence and Factors Associated with Completed Suicide among Adolescent Aged 10-19 Years, Health Region 10

Authors

  • Krittika Suparum Master degree student of Master of Public Health Program in Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University
  • Supot Kamsa-ard Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University

Keywords:

suicide, successful suicide among adolescents, incidence, self-harm

Abstract

Background and ObjectiveThailand has the highest of deaths from suicide per year in the ASEAN region. Especially, the Health Region 10 (2019-2021) found the most  completed suicide of students. This study aimed to determine incidence rate (IR) and factors associated with completed suicide in adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years, Health Region 10.

Methods: The retrospective cohort study (aged 10-19 years), Health Region 10, with 627 suicides (2017-2021). Data from the System for Surveillance of attempted self-harm, Department of Mental Health. All were followed up until 2022. The generalized linear model (GLM) was used which presenting with adjusted Relative Risk (Adj RR) with their 95% Confidence interval (95%CI).

Result: A total of 47 adolescents completed suicide, corresponding the IR as 7.5 per 100 person-years (95%CI; 5.6 to 9.8). The factors associated significantly with adolescents completed suicide were gender and hanging method (p < 0.05). It was found that females had a 0.40 times risk to completed suicide compared to males (Adj RR = 0.40; 95%CI; 0.23 to 0.69), while self-harm by hanging were 20.5 times risk to completed suicide compared to self-harm with firearms (Adj RR = 20.5; 95%CI; 10.0 to 41.9).

Conclusion: The finding showed gender and methods of self-harm by hanging were strongly associated with completed suicide in adolescents aged 10 to 19 years, Health Region 10, while the IR of completed suicide is high.

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Published

2023-10-26

How to Cite

1.
Suparum K, Kamsa-ard S. Incidence and Factors Associated with Completed Suicide among Adolescent Aged 10-19 Years, Health Region 10. SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 26 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];38(5):470-9. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/258898

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Section

Original Articles