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Background and Objectives: Cancer is the most common cause of death worldwide including Thailand, where treatment outcomes and prognosis are poor and mortality rates remain high. This study reports new cancer cases and trends of all cancers registered in Srinagarind Hospital from 2003 to 2012, may provide a picture of the cancer situation in Northeast (NE) Thailand.
Methods: All new cases of cancer registered in the hospital-based cancer registry at Faculty of Medicine, Srinagarind hospital, Khon Kaen university during 2003-2012 were included in the study.
Results: The number of new cancer cases has gradually increased each year during the last 10 years. The three most common cancers at present in males are liver and bile duct cancer, lung cancer and colorectal cancer, respectively. In females, liver and bile duct cancer, breast cancer and thyroid cancer are now the most frequent cancers. Interestingly, the number of cases of liver and bile duct cancer in males noticeably increased throughout the study period. Additionally, breast cancer greatly increased in the second half of decade whilst cervix cancer dramatically dropped and thyroid cancer in females climbed into the top three most common cancers.
Conclusion: The trends of all cancers continuously increased throughout 10 years of study in both genders. Liver and bile duct cancer was the most common cancer presented in both males and females during the whole decade observed.
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