Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Carthamus tinctorius on Hemodynamic Changes in L-NAME Hypertensive Rats

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Patoomporn Prasattong
Upa Kukongviriyapan
Parichat Prachaney
Panot Tangsucharit
Poungrat Pakdeechote

Abstract

Background and Objective:  Carthamus tinctorius (CT) or Safflower is extensively used as herb in traditional medicine. It has been reported to have a strong antioxidant capacity. This study aimed to investigate whether CT ethanolic extract could improve hemodynamic alterations in L-NAME induced hypertensive rats.

Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats received L-NAME (40 mg/kg/day) in drinking water for five weeks to induce hypertension or vehicle to serve as control. Hypertensive rats were treated with CT ethanolic extract (300 mg/kg/day) or quercetin (25 mg/kg/day) for the last 2 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SP) was monitored using a tail cuff method once a week. At the end of experimental day, the blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), hindlimb blood flow (HBF) and hindlimb vascular resistance (HVR) were measured. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) was also measured.

Results: Rats treated with L-NAME for five weeks had high blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), high hindlimb vascular resistance (HVR), low hindlimb blood flow (HBF) (p<0.05). MDA level were increased in L-NAME hypertensive rat (p<0.05). Treatment with either CT ethanolic extract or quercetin for the last two weeks significantly reduced BP, HR, HVR, and plasma MDA level.

Conclusions: These results suggest that the CT ethanolic extract can alleviate hemodynamic in L-NAME hypertensive rats. These effects are possibly related to its antioxidant capacity.

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1.
Prasattong P, Kukongviriyapan U, Prachaney P, Tangsucharit P, Pakdeechote P. Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Carthamus tinctorius on Hemodynamic Changes in L-NAME Hypertensive Rats. Srinagarind Med J [nternet]. 1 [cited 2021Nov.29];30(3):236-41. vailable from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/39300
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