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Back ground: Allergic respiratory diseases composed of asthma and allergic rhinitis are the common chronic illnesses which have great impact on children’s quality of life. Despite many years of the introduction of the international guidelines for symptom-control of both diseases, children still suffered from disease exacerbation especially for asthma. Adding to the controller medication, outdoor/indoor allergens should be controlled to achieve the treatment goal for pediatric patients.
Objective: To identify the common allergen sensitization in children presented with allergic respiratory diseases from Northeast, Thailand
Methods: A retrospectively health records of children ages < 15 years old who presented with respiratory symptoms and had been performed skin prick test at Allergy clinic, Srinagarind Hospital between January 1, 2009 to May 30, 2014 were reviewed. The routine common aeroallergens for sensitization in each patient were house dust (HD), Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (DP), Dermatophagoides farinae (DF), Cock roach, Dog, Cat, Timoty grass (Tg), Aspergillus (Ag), Alternaria, Mix Feathers (F).
Results:218 children with respiratory disease were enrolled to the study
The mean age of the participants was 6.0 + 3.7 years, max 15 year, min 6 month, median was 5 year and 120 (55.05%) of them were male and 98 of them were female (44.95%). The study founded that common allergens in respiratory disease childrens (asthma and allergic rhinitis) which positive skin prick test were Dermatophagoides pteronissinus (Dp) (40.82%), Dermatophagoides farina (Df) (36.7%), cockroaches(31.19%), house dust-mites (HD)(30.28%), Timoty grass (13.08%), Dog (11.93%), Cat (11.47%), Feather Mix (6.67%), Aspergillus (5.91%), and Alternaria (4.43%)
Conclusion: The most common sensitized allergen in 218 respiratory disease childrens that evaluated at the pediatric allergy clinic, Srinagarind Hospital between January 1, 2009 to May 30, 20014 based on the results of positive skin prick test (SPT) was Dermatophagoides pteronissinus (Dp) (40.82%). This research is the first time to study the commons allergens in respiratory disease children in Northeast, Thailand and the result similar in previous studies.
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