Self-care Knowledge and Quality of Life in Chronic End Stage Renal Disease Patients with Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis at HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center Hospital

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Wannakon Chuemongkon
Siribha Changsirikulchai
Jirayut Janma
Chayanid Boonnasak
Tanasub Leelasubwong

Abstract

Background and Objectives: A nationwide survey in Thailand indicated the incidence of peritoneal dialysis-related infection. Inappropriate protein intake, self-care behavioral and medication problems were regularly found in chronic end-stage renal disease patients. These may affect self-care problems. This study aimed to determine self-care knowledge and quality of life in chronic end-stage renal disease patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and to identify the correlation between self-care knowledge and quality of life.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in 106 patients who underwent CAPD for at least 1 month at the Renal Unit of HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Centerhospital. Self-care knowledge and quality of life were measured by the self-care knowledge questionnaire for CAPD patients and the Thai version of CHOICE Health Experience Questionnaire, respectively.

Results: The overall self-care knowledge was a high level score with the mean score of 88.44 ± 13.19 and the high level of the following domains; step and method of CAPD, medication, nutrition and behavior and abnormal symptoms with the mean of 89.46 ± 12.13, 82.23 ± 12.30, 92.45 ± 5.57 and88.68 ± 22.64, respectively. The overall quality of life was a high level with the mean score of 76.25 ± 11.15. The self-care knowledge had a significantly positive correlation with quality of life (r = 0.164; p-value 0.046).

Conclusion : The self-care knowledge and the quality of life in CAPD patients were at the high level and with a significantly positive correlation.

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