Arteriosclerosis in Hypertensive Patients

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Prawpan Suwanakitch
Thunyared Sai-ngarm
Thidarath Panprasong
Nichapat Thong-onpipat


Background and objective: Major risk factor of Atherosclerosis is high blood pressure.   Nowadays, arterial stiffness assessment is used non-invasive standard machine for Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI).   This study aims to assess arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients and hypertensive patients with other diseases. 

Method:  This was a cross sectional study, the data were collected from hypertensive patients at Pracha-utit Community Health Centre, Muang, Phitsanulok in July 2014.  Questionnaires about basic informations, Weight, Height, Blood pressure and CAVI were performed. 

Results:  The median of Left - CAVI and Right - CAVI in hypertensive patient groups (HT) were 8.5-8.8.  Median of Left - CAVI and Right - CAVI in the control groups were 7.4-7.6. Abnormal CAVI in hypertensive and diabetes and high blood cholesterol patient groups (HT+DM+DPL) was 47.8%.   Abnormal CAVI in hypertensive and high blood cholesterol patient groups (HT+DPL), hypertensive and diabetes patient groups (HT+DM), and HT were 45.0%, 40.0% and 33.3%; respectively.  Arterial stiffness was detected in hypertensive and other diseases patient groups more than the control groups and found to increase when the disease is associated more.


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