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Background and objective: Major risk factor of Atherosclerosis is high blood pressure. Nowadays, arterial stiffness assessment is used non-invasive standard machine for Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI). This study aims to assess arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients and hypertensive patients with other diseases.
Method: This was a cross sectional study, the data were collected from hypertensive patients at Pracha-utit Community Health Centre, Muang, Phitsanulok in July 2014. Questionnaires about basic informations, Weight, Height, Blood pressure and CAVI were performed.
Results: The median of Left - CAVI and Right - CAVI in hypertensive patient groups (HT) were 8.5-8.8. Median of Left - CAVI and Right - CAVI in the control groups were 7.4-7.6. Abnormal CAVI in hypertensive and diabetes and high blood cholesterol patient groups (HT+DM+DPL) was 47.8%. Abnormal CAVI in hypertensive and high blood cholesterol patient groups (HT+DPL), hypertensive and diabetes patient groups (HT+DM), and HT were 45.0%, 40.0% and 33.3%; respectively. Arterial stiffness was detected in hypertensive and other diseases patient groups more than the control groups and found to increase when the disease is associated more.
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