Symptoms, Symptom Management and Outcome in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy

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Apinya Karomprat
Phetpilin Chaichan
Umaporn Santawesuk
Aumkhae Sookprasert

Abstract

Background and Objectives:   Chemotherapy used for treatment of cancers has many adverse consequence to patients. Consequently, patients suffer from side effects of chemotherapeutic agents and these adverse effects badly have influence on physical,mental and emotional status of  patients. As a results, patients have to deal with the suffering caused from cancer therapy. The aim of this descriptive study is to determine the  symptom experiences , management  strategies of  cancer  patients  receiving  chemotherapy  and outcome of  the  management.  

Materials and Method:  Subjects included in this study are 120 of cancer patients, who were treated with  chemotherapy at least once and the age of patients ranges between 18 to 65 years. Data were obtained by interviewing using a symptom, symptom management and outcome interview scale with reliability of 0.94. The data were analyzed  using descriptive statistics.

Results:  The results show that the 5 most frequency symptoms of cancer  patients  receiving  chemotherapy1) changes in food taste perception (mean= 1.25, SD =1.285 )  2) anorexia (mean = 1.25, SD =1.268 )  3) numbness  of peripheral extremities  (mean = 1.10, SD =1. 514  )  4) fatigue   (mean = 1.02,  SD=1.156 ) and 5) insomnia (mean = 0.94,  SD =1.292  ).The 5 most common suffering symptoms  are   1) changes in food taste perception (mean =  0.98, SD = 1.170)   2) anorexia  (mean = 0.98,   SD =1.1250 )   3) fatigue  (mean = 0.91, SD =1.138 )  4) insomnia  (mean =0.80,  SD =1.120 ) and  5) numbness  of peripheral extremities (mean 0.79,  SD =1.114 ). The 5 most common disturbing symptoms are1) anorexia (mean = 0.87 ,SD =1.192 )  2) changes in food taste perception (mean = 0.85, SD =1.090 )  3) fatigue (mean = 0.75, SD =1.055 ) 4 insomnia  (mean = 0.75,  SD =1.071) and 5) nausea/vomiting   (mean = 0.68,  SD=1.062)  In  addition, the results revealed that cancer patients had effective methods for symptom  management resulting from chemotherapy such as changing eating habit (eating recently cooked food for 98.3% and consuming more vegetables and fruits for 94.7%),  conventional medicine (taking multivitamin and sleeping pill for 86.7% and antiemetic drug  for 81.7%), relaxation (sleeping for 97.5 %  and  talking with  other peoples for  95.8 %), mood  and  emotional  adjustment by accepting  their  illness for  97.5%.

Conclusion: Patients having symptom management had better outcome in terms of less frequency, severity, and suffering of their adverse symptoms (95.8, 95.0 and 95.8 %  respectively), and 100% of cancer patients also had better mood  and emotional status.

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How to Cite
1.
Karomprat A, Chaichan P, Santawesuk U, Sookprasert A. Symptoms, Symptom Management and Outcome in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy. SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2016 Oct. 5 [cited 2023 Jan. 27];31(5):86. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/68265
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