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It is now generally accepted that vitamin D deficiency is a health problem that affects not only musculoskeletal health but also a wide range of physical and mental disorders that include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, various cancers and nervous system problem leading to mental health problem. Vitamin D deficiency or low level are associated with schizophrenia, depression, Alzheimer’s disease and among others. Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency include lacking of adequate sun exposure , living in northern latitude areas, habitual indoor activities, darker skin, obesity, old age , postpartum women, newborn. Unbelievably that 45.2 percent of Thai people have low level of vitamin D. Vitamin D plays an important role in the prevention of various mental health problems especially depression. Globally, more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from depression. More women are affected by depression than men. Depression is the most common cause of depression is generally considered to be complex. An increasing number of studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency is associated with the occurrence of depression. In this review has collected and criticized the importance of vitamin D, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency especially in the Thai population. And the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and depression. The administration of vitamin D to supplement the treatment of depression is discussed. Hopefully, this article will be useful for health promotion.
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