Dysphagia Knowledge of Stroke Patients with Dysphagia

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Chompilai Nuntharuksa
Pajeemas Kittipanya-ngam
Pattra Wattanapan

Abstract

Background and objective: Dysphagia is a common condition in stroke patients which may result in complications such as aspiration pneumonia and malnutrition.  Such complications can lead to prolonged hospitalization or death. Proper management of dysphagia by the medical personnel, including the knowledge and understanding about dysphagia of the patient and caregivers, can play an important role in complication prevention. Therefore, the researchers aimed to study the level of dysphagia knowledge among stroke patients with dysphagia.


Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 95 dysphagia stroke patients who were admitted to the rehabilitation clinic, Srinagarind hospital. Demographic data were retrieved from all participants.  Dysphagia knowledge was assessed by using questionnaires, which consisted of the following questions: 1) general knowledge 7 items, 2) complications prevention 8 items, and 3) rehabilitation 5 items. Then, dysphagia knowledge was categorized into 3 levels based on the total scores of each participant (full 20 points); low (1-7 points), moderate (8-14 points) and high (15-20 points). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.


Results: Of 95 participants, 26%, 56% and 18% of dysphagia patient had low, moderate and high level of dysphagia knowledge, respectively. The average score of general knowledge, complication prevention and rehabilitation were 4.32 ± 2.73, 3.64 ± 2.86 and 1.52 ± 0.42, respectively


Conclusions: Most stroke patients with dysphagia had dysphagia knowledge at a moderate level. Whereas the score in prevention and rehabilitation domain were low.

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