Down Syndrome Screening Outcomes in Advanced Maternal Age Pregnant Women at Roi Et Hospital

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Sirikanya Somsri

Abstract

Background and ObjectiveDown syndrome screening in elderly women is very important to identify fetal abnormal chromosome, especially Down syndrome. The objective was to study the Down syndrome screening outcomes in advanced maternal age pregnant women at RoiEt Hospital.


MethodsThis study wasretrospective cohort study.All data were collected from medical records of advanced maternal age pregnancy with age > 35 years, 14-18 weeks gestation agethat abnormal Quadruple tests were providing for amniocentesis at Roi Et Hospital during January 2019 to December 2020. The descriptive statistics were used for all data analyzed.  


Results One hundred and seventy-one of pregnant women were enrolled, which  mean age and mean gestational age were 37.61 ± 3.31 years, and 14.56 ± 0.48 weeks, respectively . The Quadruple test were found high risk for Down syndrome 90.64%, high risk for Edwards syndrome 4.09%, high risk for Patau syndrome 1.75%, and high risk for Neural tube defect 7.02 %. Amniocentesis was performed in 157cases for chromosomal study at Roi Et Hospital.The chromosome study were found normal karyotype 96.17%,Down syndrome 1.91% (47,XX+21 2 cases and 47, XY+21 1case), 47,XXX 1.27%,46,X,inv(Y)(p11.2q11.23) 0.65%, and Ultrasound examination revealed anencephaly in 1 case. The 3 cases of advanced maternal age pregnancy who were diagnosed with Down syndrome had agreed for terminate.


Conclusion: This study revealed that advanced maternal age pregnancy has screening by Quadruple test positive and confirmed diagnosed for Down syndrome 3 cases. All of them consented for termination process.

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1.
Somsri ศ. Down Syndrome Screening Outcomes in Advanced Maternal Age Pregnant Women at Roi Et Hospital . SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 4 [cited 2022 May 21];36(5):513-21. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/252550
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Original Articles

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