Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Blood Donation in Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University

Authors

  • Poonsup Sripara Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Namrin Boonmawongsa Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Boonsong Benjangkaprasert Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Thanet Thanukarn Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Nicha Phumiyot Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Kriangsak Jenwitheesuk Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University

Keywords:

COVID-19 pandemic, blood donations, voluntary non-remunerated donations, replacement donations

Abstract

Background and Objective:  Blood is important for saving lives. All blood used for medical treatments and surgery for patients were obtained from donations. The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted the lives of blood donors and people. People fear infection must strictly comply with public health measures and refrain from traveling causing the amount of blood donation to be reduced not adequate blood. There was a blood shortage crisis across the country. Therefore, the researchers wanted to study the impact of blood donations and the approach to blood supply during the COVID-19 pandemic on 2020-2021.

Methods: This studied was retrospective of blood donations for the year 2019-2021. The statistic used for data analysis was descriptive and the chi-square test.

Results: On 2019-2021 there were 29,861, 29,862 and 28,855 units of blood donated, respectively, donated blood on site were 20,206, 18,728 and 18,782 units (67.67%, 62.72%, and 65.09%), respectively. Donated blood on mobile units were 9,655, 11,134 and 10,073 units (32.33%, 37.28% and 34.91%), respectively. Donated blood on large mobile units (100-300 units at a time) were 61, 67 and 66 times (100.00%, 77.91% and 55.00%) respectively. Donated blood on small mobile units (20-50 units at a time) were 0, 19 and 54 times (0, 22.09% and 45.00%) respectively. There were non- remunerated donations types: 27,567, 27,420 and 23,484 units (99.66%, 98.96% and 86.46%), respectively, and replacement donations were 95, 289 and 3,678 units (0.34%, 1.04% and 13.54 %), respectively. When comparing the proportion of donated blood on site with mobile unit, large and small mobile units and the types of donations between 2019-2021, it was found that each year was statistically different (p-value < 0.001).

Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic on 2020 and 2021 caused a critical shortage of blood supply. Blood donation units had to adjusted their blood donations patterns. And adjusted operations in accordance with public health measures in order to have adequate and safe blood for both the blood donors and the recipient.

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Published

2023-02-24

How to Cite

1.
Sripara P, Boonmawongsa N, Benjangkaprasert B, Thanukarn T, Phumiyot N, Jenwitheesuk K. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Blood Donation in Blood Transfusion Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University. SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 24 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];38(1):104-11. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/255922

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Section

Original Articles