Incidence and Mortality Rates of Cancer in Mae Hong Son Province

Authors

  • Thossaphol Ditsiri Mae Hong Son Provincial Public Health Office
  • Patumrat Sripan Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University
  • Sombat Dulyarat Mae Hong Son Provincial Public Health Office
  • Karnchana Daoprasert Cancer Registry Unit, Lampang Cancer Hospital
  • Donsuk Pongnikorn Vejjarak Lampang Hospital

Keywords:

Incidence rate, mortality rate, cancer, cancer registry, Mae Hong Son province

Abstract

Background and objective: The population-based cancer registries (PBCR) are useful for cancer monitoring and surveillance. The study on incidence patterns from the latest period 2018-2020 could help to understand the current situation and burden of cancer in the study area. This study aimed to describe the patterns of cancer incidence and mortality in Mae Hong Son Province.

Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective decriptive study. We analyzed the incidence and mortality rates of cancer using data from the Mae Hong Son cancer registry in the period of 2018-2020. The age-standardized rates of incidence (ASIR)  and mortality (ASMR) with a unit per 100,000 population were calculated.

Results: The incidence rates were 214.8 and 211.1 per 100,000 person-years and the mortality rates were 108.5 and 72.2 per 100,000 person-years in males and females, respectively. The most common cancers were liver and bile duct cancer in males, and breast cancer in females. The most leading cancer causes of death were liver and bile duct cancer in males and trachea, bronchus and lung cancer in females.

Conclusion: The incidence and mortality rates of lung cancer and liver and bile duct cancers were high in Mae Hong Son province.  Morever, the incidence and mortality rates of some specific types of cancer such as stomach cancer and oral cancer were found higher than in the other provinces in upper North Thailand. 

References

Bray F, Colombet M, Mery L, Piñeros M, Znaor A, Zanetti R, et al. Cancer incidence in five continents volume XI. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2021.

Thailand Bo PaSitcotaot Mo PHo. The public health statistics 2015. Nonthaburi, Thailand: The Ministry of Public Health; 2015.

Pongnikorn D, Daoprasert K, Wongkaew B, Sangkam S, Praditkay M, Meemark R. Trends in cancer incidence and mortality in Upper Northern Thailand, 1993-2017: Results from the development of northern population-based cancer registry network. Lampang, Thailand: Lampang Cancer Hospital; 2020.

Wongkaew B, Pongnikorn D, Daoprasert K, Sangkam S, Praditkay M. Epidemiology of Liver Cancer in Northern Thailand. Lampang, Thailand: Lampang Cancer Hospital; 2017.

Thongsak N, Chitapanarux I, Suprasert P, Prasitwattanaseree S, Bunyatisai W, Sripan P, et al. Spatial and Temporal Analyses of Cervical Cancer Patients in Upper Northern Thailand. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2016;17(11):5011-7.

Hall MHST. About Mae Hong Son Province Mae Hong Son, Thailand: Mae Hong Son Town Hall; 2022 [Cited March 22, 2022]. Available from: https://new.maehongson.go.th/.

Larsen IK, Myklebust TÅ, Babigumira R, Vinberg E, Møller B, Ursin G. Education, income and risk of cancer: results from a Norwegian registry-based study. Acta Oncologica 2020;59(11):1300-7.

Om J, Dm P, R M, Cs M, Rg S. Cancer Registration: Principles and Methods, 1991.

Segi M. Cancer mortality for selected sites in 24 countries (1950-57). Department of Public Health, Tohoku University of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; 1960.

Rojanamatin J, Ukranun W, Supaatagorn P, Chiawiriyabunya I, Wongsena W, Chiawerawattana A, et al. Cancer in Thailand Vol. X 2016-2018. Bangkok, Thailand: Ministry of Public Health, National Cancer nstitute.; 2021.

Daoprasert K, Pongnikorn D, Sangkam S, Parditkay M, Khamkhod K, Suwannamuang P. Cancer epidemiology of an aging population in Upper-Northern Thailand from 2013 to 2017. J Med Health Sci 2021;28(2):66-79.

Li X, Deng Y, Tang W, Sun Q, Chen Y, Yang C, et al. Urban-rural disparity in cancer incidence, mortality, and survivals in Shanghai, China, during 2002 and 2015. Front Oncol 2018;8:579.

Pitayarangsarit S, Pankrajang P. Statistics report on tobacco consumption in Thailand. Bangkok, Thailand: Tobacco Control Research and Knowledge Management Center; 2018.

Wiwatanadate P. Lung Cancer Related to Environmental and Occupational Hazards and Epidemiology in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Genes Environment 2011;33(4):120-7.

Pollution Control Department. Air quality and noise. [Internet]. 2006 Bangkok, Thailand: Pollution Control Department; 2013. [Cited April 16, 2022]. Available from: http://www.pcd.go.th/info_serv/air_aqi.htm.

Sirimongkonlertkun N. Assessment of long-range transport contribution on Haze Episode in Northern Thailand, Laos and Myanmar. IOP Conf Ser: Earth Environ Sci 2018;151:012017.

Dich J, Zahm SH, Hanberg A, Adami HO. Pesticides and cancer. Cancer Causes Control 1997;8(3):420-43.

Ferlay J, Ervik M, Lam F, Colombet M, Mery L, Piñeros M, et al. Global Cancer Observatory: Cancer Today Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2020 [Cited March 15, 2022]. Available from: https://gco.iarc.fr/today/online-analysis-table.

Ning FL, Lyu J, Pei JP, Gu WJ, Zhang NN, Cao SY, et al. The burden and trend of gastric cancer and possible risk factors in five Asian countries from 1990 to 2019. Sci Rep 2022;12(1):5980.

You WC, Blot WJ, Chang YS, Ershow AG, Yang ZT, An Q, et al. Diet and high risk of stomach cancer in Shandong, China. Cancer Res 1988;48(12):3518-23.

Amtha R, Zain R, Razak IA, Basuki B, Roeslan BO, Gautama W, et al. Dietary patterns and risk of oral cancer: a factor analysis study of a population in Jakarta, Indonesia. Oral Oncol 2009;45(8):e49-53.

Suwanrungruang K, Sriamporn S, Wiangnon S, Rangsrikajee D, Sookprasert A, Thipsuntornsak N, et al. Lifestyle-related risk factors for stomach cancer in northeast Thailand. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2008;9(1):71-5.

Lin SH, Li YH, Leung K, Huang CY, Wang XR. Salt processed food and gastric cancer in a Chinese population. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014;15(13):5293-8.

Man J, Ni Y, Yang X, Zhang T, Yuan Z, Chen H, et al. Healthy lifestyle factors, cancer family history, and gastric cancer risk: a population-based case-control study in China. Front Nutr 2021;8:774530.

Yan S, Gan Y, Song X, Chen Y, Liao N, Chen S, et al. Association between refrigerator use and the risk of gastric cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. PloS One 2018;13(8):e0203120.

Deng W, Jin L, Zhuo H, Vasiliou V, Zhang Y. Alcohol consumption and risk of stomach cancer: A meta-analysis. Chem Biol Interact 2021;336:109365.

Rodríguez-Molinero J, Migueláñez-Medrán BdC, Puente-Gutiérrez C, Delgado-Somolinos E, Martín Carreras-Presas C, Fernández-Farhall J, et al. Association between oral cancer and diet: an update. Nutrients 2021;13(4):1299.

Loyha K, Vatanasapt P, Promthet S, Parkin DM. Risk factors for oral cancer in Northeast Thailand. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2012;13(10):5087-90.

Kumar S, Metz DC, Ellenberg S, Kaplan DE, Goldberg DS. Risk factors and incidence of gastric cancer after detection of helicobacter pylori infection: a large cohort study. Gastroenterology 2020;158(3):527-36.e7.

Uchida T, Miftahussurur M, Pittayanon R, Vilaichone Rk, Wisedopas N, Ratanachuek T, et al. Helicobacter pylori Infection in Thailand: A Nationwide Study of the CagA Phenotype. PLoS One 2015;10(9):e0136775.

Sukvirach S, Smith JS, Tunsakul S, Muñoz N, Kesararat V, Opasatian O, et al. Population-based human papillomavirus prevalence in Lampang and Songkla, Thailand. J Infect Dis 2003;187(8):1246-56.

Chotipanich A, Siriarechakul S, Mungkung OO. Role of high-risk human papillomavirus in the etiology of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in Thailand: A case-control study. SAGE Open Med 2018;6:2050312118765604.

Ali J, Sabiha B, Jan HU, Haider SA, Khan AA, Ali SS. Genetic etiology of oral cancer. Oral Oncol 2017;70:23-8.

Irani S. New insights into oral cancer—risk factors and prevention: a review of literature. Int J Prev Med 2020;11:202.

Subsomwong P, Miftahussurur M, Vilaichone R-k, Ratanachu-ek T, Suzuki R, Akada J, et al. Helicobacter pylori virulence genes of minor ethnic groups in North Thailand. Gut Pathogens 2017;9(1):56.

Published

2023-02-24

How to Cite

1.
Ditsiri T, Sripan P, Dulyarat S, Daoprasert K, Pongnikorn D. Incidence and Mortality Rates of Cancer in Mae Hong Son Province. SRIMEDJ [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 24 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];38(1):87-94. Available from: https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SRIMEDJ/article/view/256839

Issue

Section

Original Articles