Finding and Analyzing Cause of Stain of Phra Maha Dhatu Nabhamethanidol and Nabhapolbhumisiri at Doi Inthanon National Park, Chom Thong, Chiang Mai

Main Article Content

Teerapat Khanjai
Pattanawit Sawanglap
Warut Thammawichai
Nathawat Poopakdee
Kusaya Suvanvihok
Somkiat Sukanghong
Somkid Rahong
Sutinee Girdthep

Abstract

In this work, chemical properties, physical properties, and cause of stains on mosaics of Phra Maha Dhatu Nabhamethanidol and Nabhapolbhumisiri at Doi Inthanon National Park, Chiang Mai were studied. The mosaic colors were determined by Diffused Reflectance Ultraviolet-visible Spectrometer (DRS). The hydrophilicity properties of the mosaics were analyzed by contact angle measurement (CA). Characterization by infrared spectrometer (IR) revealed chemical functional groups on polyurethane of the mosaics. The morphologies and elements of the mosaics surfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX). Moreover, thermal properties of the mosaics were analyzed by Differential Scanning Calorimeters (DSC) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Importantly, the stains, limestone-like samples, were analyzed by SEM-EDX. In addition, the pH of rain water in the area of Phra Maha Dhatus was measured and its elemental composition was analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP). Furthermore, algae class of moss in vicinity of Phra Maha Dhatus was identified. Finding the cause of the unwanted stains will lead to developing of an effective maintenance method for Phra Maha Dhatus.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khanjai, T., Sawanglap, P., Thammawichai , W., Poopakdee, N., Suvanvihok , K., Sukanghong, S., Rahong, S., & Girdthep, S. (2020). Finding and Analyzing Cause of Stain of Phra Maha Dhatu Nabhamethanidol and Nabhapolbhumisiri at Doi Inthanon National Park, Chom Thong, Chiang Mai. Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya Research Journal, 12(3), 384-398. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rmutsvrj/article/view/247647
Section
Research Article
Author Biographies

Teerapat Khanjai, Faculty of science, Silpakorn university.

Department of chemistry, Faculty of science, Silpakorn university, Sanamchandra Palace campus, Phrapathomchedi, Mueang, Nakhon  Pathom 73000, Thailand.

Pattanawit Sawanglap, Faculty of science, Silpakorn university.

Department of chemistry, Faculty of science, Silpakorn university, Sanamchandra Palace campus, Phrapathomchedi, Mueang, Nakhon  Pathom 73000, Thailand.

Warut Thammawichai , Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy

Academic faculty, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy, Bangkok 10220, Thailand.

Nathawat Poopakdee, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy

Academic faculty, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy, Bangkok 10220, Thailand.

Kusaya Suvanvihok , Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy

Academic faculty, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy, Bangkok 10220, Thailand.

Somkiat Sukanghong, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy

Academic faculty, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy, Bangkok 10220, Thailand.

Somkid Rahong, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy

Academic faculty, Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Air Force Academy, Bangkok 10220, Thailand.

Sutinee Girdthep, Faculty of science, Silpakorn university.

Department of chemistry, Faculty of science, Silpakorn university, Sanamchandra Palace campus, Phrapathomchedi, Mueang, Nakhon  Pathom 73000, Thailand.

References

กองทัพอากาศ. 2550. พระมหาธาตุนภพลภูมิสิริ. พระมหาธาตุนภพลภูมิสิริ ประวัติฉบับเต็ม. แหล่งที่มา: http://phramahathat.com/fulldoc/mother.html, 30 มกราคม 2562.

ธิติมา คุณยศยิ่ง. 2556. การทดลองเนื้อดินเพื่อทำเซรามิกหอม โดยใช้กากดินขาวทดแทนทราย. วารสารวิชาการคณะเทคโนโลยีอุตสาหกรรม มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏลำปาง 6(1): 19-30.

แผนกภูมิอากาศ กองข่าวอากาศ กรมควบคุมการปฏิบัติทางอากาศ กองทัพอากาศ. 2561. ข้อมูลอุตุนิยมวิทยารายปี พ.ศ.2558 – 2560 สถานีดอยอินทนนท์. กรมอุตุนิยมวิทยา, กรุงเทพฯ.

ภัคนัย ทองทิอัมพร. 2550. การมองเห็นและการวัดสี. กรมวิทยาศาสตร์บริการ. แหล่งที่มา: http://dss.go.th/dssweb/st-articles/files/pep_7_550_Color_Measurement.pdf, 30 มกราคม 2562.

วิสุทธิ์ ภิญโญวาณิชกะ. 2551. พระมหาธาตุ “นภเมทนีดล นภพลภูมิสิริ”. แหล่งที่มา: http://www.wisut.net/article/พระมหาธาตุ “นภเมทนีดล นภพลภูมิสิริ”, 30 มกราคม 2562.

Amrollahi, M., Sadeghi, G.M.M. and Kashcooli, Y. 2011. Investigation of novel polyurethane elastomeric networks based on polybutadiene-ol/polypropyleneoxide mixture and their structure–properties relationship. Materials and Design 32(7): 3933-3941.

Anand, V.G., Hemant, K.R., Sreekumaran, A.N. and Seeram, R. 2011. A review on self-cleaning coatings. Journal of Materials Chemistry 21: 16304-16322.

Chiono, V., Mozetic, P., Boffito, M., Sartori, S., Gioffredi, E., Silvestri, A., Rainer, A., Giannitelli, S.M., Trombetta, M., Nurzynska, D., Meglio, F.D., Castaldo, C., Miraglia, R.,Montagnani, S. and Ciardelli, G. 2014. Polyurethane-based scaffolds for myocardial tissue engineering. Interface Focus 4(1): 2042-8898.

Cho, E.C., Chang-Jian, C.W., Chen, H.C., Chuang, K.S., Zheng, J.H., Hsiao, Y.S., Lee, K.C. and Huang, J.H. 2017. Robust multifunctional superhydrophobic coatings with enhanced water/oil separation, self-cleaning, anti-corrosion, and anti-biological adhesion. Chemical Engineering Journal 314: 347-357.

Zhang, H., Li, C., Guo, J., Zang, L. and Luo, J. 2011. In Situ Synthesis of Poly (methyl methacrylate)/SiO2 Hybrid Nanocomposites via “Grafting Onto” Strategy Based on UV Irradiation in the Presence of Iron Aqueous Solution. Journal of Nanomaterials 2012: 9.