Effect of Fungi on Physical and Nutrient of Compost from Oil Palm Frond (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)

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Pornsil Seephueak
Pimchana Wongpisal
Chaisit Preecha
Wuttichai Seephueak

Abstract

Microorganisms isolated from plant debris having properties to produce enzymes for plant degradation were applied in several agriculture. In this research, 2 fungal species of Trichoderma harzianum and Aspergillus niger which had previously been tested to efficiently yield cellulase and xylanase enzymes on the laboratory scale were used to produce the compost product. The objective of this research was to investigate the effect of fungi on the physical and nutrient of compost from oil palm frond. The experimental design using completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 replications and 5 treatments consisted of 1) T. harzianum 2) A. niger 3) T. harzianum with A. niger 4) microbial activators PD1 and 5) distilled water (control). Spore suspension of fungi adjusted to 1 × 108 spore/ml about 500 ml and combined with compost components was made up of oil palm frond : cow dung : urea at the ratio of 5 : 1 : 0.01 kilogram/bag. Then, they were left in the black plastic bag for 60 days. The results showed that use of T. harzianum mixed with A. niger gave the completed degradation and the best quality. The C/N ratio, pH, temperature and conductivity in compost were 14.44 : 1, 7.10, 27.53 oC and 3.91 dS/m, respectively while total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content in the compost were 2.15, 0.36 and 2.49 %, respectively. This compost being considered of good quality and standard and accredited by the Department of Agriculture should be promoted for further use.

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How to Cite
Seephueak , P., Wongpisal, P., Preecha, C., & Seephueak , W. (2020). Effect of Fungi on Physical and Nutrient of Compost from Oil Palm Frond (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya Research Journal, 12(3), 552-565. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rmutsvrj/article/view/247719
Section
Research Article
Author Biographies

Pornsil Seephueak , Faculty of Agriculture, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya

Faculty of Agriculture, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Thung Yai, Thung Yai, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80240, Thailand.

Pimchana Wongpisal, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya.

Faculty of Agro-Industry, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Thung Yai, Thung Yai, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80240, Thailand.

Chaisit Preecha, Faculty of Agriculture, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya.

Faculty of Agriculture, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Tham Yai, Thung Song, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80110, Thailand.

Wuttichai Seephueak , Faculty of Agriculture, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya.

 Faculty of Agriculture, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Thung Yai, Thung Yai, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80240, Thailand.

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