DNA Marker for Selection of Plant Disease Resistance Variety

Authors

  • Jeeraporn Kansup Biotechnology Research and Development Office, Department of Agriculture
  • Prasert Wongwathanarat Pensioner Faculty of Science and Technology,Thummasat University Rangsit Center
  • Khanitha Wongwathanarat Biotechnology Research and Development Office, Department of Agriculture

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14456/thaidoa-agres.2020.16

Keywords:

DNA marker; disease resistance; major gene; minor gene; gene pyramiding

Abstract

Plant diseases are important factor in plant production. They reduce yield and lead to heavy use of chemicals to keep them under control. Genetic resistance is a potent alternative and environmental friendly disease control approach. One of the important tools used to establish genetic resistance of plant is DNA marker. The uses of DNA markers related to targeted agricultural traits, such as high productivity, resistance to disease and insect, as tools for selection will improve the efficiency of plant breeding. Disease resistance of plants can be divided into 2 types. Type 1 is complete resistance controlled by major gene(s) such as Resistance gene (R gene). R gene plays an important role in the recognition of gene products from the pathogen. Type 2 is partial resistance controlled by multiple minor genes, which is quantitative in characteristic. Pyramiding of major and minor genes together is a strategy to develop durable resistance to meet the challenge that pathogens often adapt and overcome genetic resistance. In this review, the information about the uses of DNA markers in plant breeding, major and minor genes responsible for plant disease resistance systems as well as strategies for establishing durable disease resistance is presented. In addition, examples of marker-assisted selection in order to develop resistant varieties for certain diseases in soybean, cassava and potato are presented.

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References

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Published

2020-09-26

How to Cite

Kansup, J., Wongwathanarat , P., & Wongwathanarat, K. (2020). DNA Marker for Selection of Plant Disease Resistance Variety. Thai Agricultural Research Journal, 38(2), 207–222. https://doi.org/10.14456/thaidoa-agres.2020.16

Issue

Section

Technical or research paper