Relationship between Lemon Emigrant Butterfly Catopsilia pomona (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Population Dynamics and Weather Conditions in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand
The lemon emigrant butterfly Catopsilia pomona is one of the most common pierids in Southeast Asia. In this study, we examined the relationship between the weekly abundance of C. pomona and weather conditions to predict how this butterfly species might respond to climate change. We estimated the density of individuals in each life-history stage of C. pomona every week from November 2014 – October 2015 in Bueng Niam Subdistrict, Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen Province by Pollard’s walk. We built predictive models for the butterfly densities to investigate factors determining the densities and predicted effects of climate change on the butterfly population. Our models indicated that the egg and caterpillar densities exhibited a positive relationship with the densities of the previous week, whereas the adult densities did not. The butterfly densities were also associated with the air humidity in the caterpillar and adult stages and with the air temperature in the egg, caterpillar and adult stages. Moreover, the models predicted that climate change in the late 21st century will increase the abundance of and extend the oviposition period of C. pomona.
Brower, L.P., Fink, L.S., and Walford, P. 2006. Fueling the fall migration of the monarch butterfly. Integrative and Comparative Biology 46(6):1123-1142.
Choudhury, S.R. and Agarwala, B.K. 2013. Eco-biology of Common Emigrant Catopsilia pomona Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) with special reference to its life table attributes in Tripura, India. Journal of Research in Biology, 3(3):876-855.
Corbet, A.S. and Penndlebury, H.M. 1992. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.4th ed. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 595 pp.
Corlett, R.T. 2012. Climate change in the tropics: The end of the world as we know it? Biological Conservation, 151:22-25.
Crawley, M.J. 2013. The R Book. 2nd Eds. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., West Sussex, UK, 975 pp.
Dawson, T.P., Jackson, S.T., House, J.I., Prentice, I.C. and Mace, G.M. 2011. Beyond predictions: Biodiversity conservation in a changing climate. Science, 332:53-58.
Dennis, R.L.H. and Sparks, T.H. 2007. Climate signals are reflected in an 89 year series of British Lepidoptera records. European Journal of Entomology, 104:763-767.
Deutsch, C.A., Tewksbury, J.J., Huey, R.B., Sheldon, K.S., Ghalambor, C.K., Haak, D.C., and Martin, P.R. 2008. Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 105:6668-6672.
Dingle, H., Zalucki, M.P., and Rochester, W.A. 1999. Season-specific directional movement in migratory Australian butterflies. Australian Journal of Entomology, 38:323-329.
Dover, J. and Settele, J. 2009. The influences of landscape structure on butterfly distribution and movement: a review. Journal of Insect Conservation, 13:3-27.
Ek-Amnuay, P. 2012. Butterflies of Thailand. 2nd ed. Baan Lae Suan, Amarin Printing and Publishing, Bangkok, Thailand, 943 pp.
FAO. 2015. El Niño in Asia: Prolonged dry weather in several countries affecting plantings and yield potential of the 2015 main season food crops. GIEWS Update, 29 July 2015.
Fischer, K., Dierks, A., Franke, K., Geister, T.L., Liszka, M., Winter, S. and Pflicke, C. 2010. Environmental effects on temperature stress resistance in the tropical butterfly Bicyclus anynana. PLoS ONE, 5: e15284. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0015284
Fischer, K., Klockmann, M. and Reim, E. 2014. Strong negative effects of simulated heat waves in a tropical butterfly. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 217:2892-2898.
Forister, M.L., McCall, A.C., Sanders, N.J., Fordyce, J.A., Thorne, J.H., O’Brien, J., Waetjen, D.P., and Shapiro, A.M. 2010. Compounded effects of climate change and habitat alteration shift patterns of butterfly diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 107:2088-2092.
Franks, S.J., Sim, S., Weis, A. E. 2007. Rapid evolution of flowering time by an annual plant in response to a climate fluctuation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 104: 1278-1282.
Goulson, D., Derwent, L.C., Hanley, M.E., Dunn, D.W., and Abolins S.R. 2005. Predicting calyptrate fly populations from the weather, and probable consequences of climate change. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42:795-804.
Hickling, R., Roy, D.B., Hill, J.K., Fox, R., and Thomas, C.D. 2006. The distributions of a wide range of taxonomic groups are expanding polewards. Global Change Biology, 12:450-455.
Inayoshi, Y. 2017. Catopsilia pomona pomona (Fabricius,1775). A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China (chiefly from Thailand, Laos and Vietnam). Available from http://yutaka.it-n.jp/pie/20490001.html (Date of Access: October 31, 2017).
IPCC. 2014. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, 1820 pp.
Karl, I and Fischer, K. 2008. Why get big in the cold? Towards a solution to a life-history puzzle. Oecologia, 155:215-225.
Khoosakunrat, S. 2016. Population Dynamics of The Lemon Emigrant Butterfly (Catopsilia pomona) in Ban Bueng Niam, Khon Kaen Province. Master’s thesis, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand, 115 pp. (in Thai)
Kleijnen, J.P.C., Bettonvil, B. and Van Groenendaal, W.V. 1998 Validation of trace-driven simulation models: a novel regression test. Management Science 44:812-819.
Krauss, J., Steffan-Dewenter I., and Tscharntke, T. 2003. How does landscape context contribute to effects of habitat fragmentation on diversity and population density of butterflies? Journal of Biogeography, 30:889-900.
Kwon, T.S., Kim, S.S., Chun, J.H., Byun, B.K., Lim, J.H. and Shin, J.H. 2010. Changes in butterfly abundance in response to global warming and reforestation. Environmental Entomology, 39: 337-345.
Ockinger, E., Hammarstedt, O., Nilsson, S.G. and Smith, H.G. 2006. The relationship between local extinctions of grassland butterflies and increased soil nitrogen levels. Biological Conservation, 128:564-573.
Orr, A. and Kitching, R. 2010. The Butterflies of Australia. Allen & Unwin, Australia, 336 pp.
Parmesan, C. 2006. Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 37:637-669.
Parmesan, C., Ryrholm, N., Stefanescu, C., Hill, J.K., Thomas, C.D., Descimon, H., Huntley, B., Kaila, L., Kullberg, J., Tammaru, T., Tennent, W.J., Thomas, J.A. and Warren, M. 1999. Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming. Nature, 399:579-583.
Parmesan, C. and Yohe, G., 2003. A globally coherent ﬁngerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature, 421:37-42.
Peterson, A.T., Martínez-Meyer, E., González-Salazar, C., and Hall, P.W. 2004. Modeled climate change effects on distributions of Canadian butterfly species. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 82:851-858.
Pollard, E. (1977) A method for assessing changes in the abundance of butterflies. Biological Conservation, 12: 115–134.
Pollard, E., Yates, T.J. (1993) Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. London: Chapman and Hall. 292 p.
Ramesh, T., Jahir Hussain, K., Satpathy, K.K., and Selvanayagam, M. (2012). A Note on Annual Bidirectional Movement of Butterflies at South-Eastern Plains of India. Research in Zoology, 2:1-6.
Robinson, G.S., Ackery, P.R., Kitching, I.J., Beccaloni, G.W. and Hernández, L.M. 2010. HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. Available from http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts (Date of Access: October 26, 2017).
Roy, D.B., Rothery, P., Moss, D., Pollard, E. and Thomas, J.A. 2001. Butterﬂy numbers and weather: predicting historical trends in abundance and the future effects of climate change. Journal of Animal Ecology, 70:201-217.
Van Swaay, C.A.M., Brereton, T., Kirkland, P. and Warren, M.S. 2012. Manual for Butterfly Monitoring. Report VS2012.010, De Vlinderstichting/Dutch Butterfly Conservation, Butterfly Conservation UK & Butterfly Conservation Europe, Wageningen, the Netherlands, 12 pp.
Tamburini, G., Marini, L., Hellrigl, K., Salvadori, C., and Battisti, A. 2013. Effects of climate and density-dependent factors on population dynamics of the pine processionary moth in the Southern Alps. Climatic Change, 121:701-712.
Visser, M.E and Both, C. 2005. Shifts in phenology due to global climate change: the need for a yardstick. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 272:2561-2569.
WallisDeVries, M.F., Baxter, W., and van Vliet, A.J.H. 2011. Beyond climate envelopes: effects of weather on regional population trends in butterflies. Oecologia, 167,559-571.
Warren, M., Hill, J., Thomas, J., Asher, J., Fox, R., Huntley, B., Roy, D., Telfer, M., Jeffcoate, S., and Harding, P. 2001. Rapid responses of British butterflies to opposing forces of climate and habitat change. Nature, 414:65-69.
Wilson, R.J., Gutiérrez, D., Gutiérrez, J. and Monserrat, V.J. 2007. An elevational shift in butterfly species richness and composition accompanying recent climate change. Global Change Biology, 13:1873-1887.
Chulalongkorn University. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher