Relationship between Lemon Emigrant Butterfly Catopsilia pomona (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Population Dynamics and Weather Conditions in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand

  • THOTSAPOL CHAIANUNPORN Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, 123 Mittraphap Road, Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen 40002, THAILAND
  • SERMSAK KHOOSAKUNRAT Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, 123 Mittraphap Road, Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen 40002, THAILAND
Keywords: Catopsilia pomona, weather conditions, climate change, population dynamics, Khon Kaen Province


The lemon emigrant butterfly Catopsilia pomona is one of the most common pierids in Southeast Asia. In this study, we examined the relationship between the weekly abundance of C. pomona and weather conditions to predict how this butterfly species might respond to climate change. We estimated the density of individuals in each life-history stage of C. pomona every week from November 2014 – October 2015 in Bueng Niam Subdistrict, Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen Province by Pollard’s walk. We built predictive models for the butterfly densities to investigate factors determining the densities and predicted effects of climate change on the butterfly population. Our models indicated that the egg and caterpillar densities exhibited a positive relationship with the densities of the previous week, whereas the adult densities did not. The butterfly densities were also associated with the air humidity in the caterpillar and adult stages and with the air temperature in the egg, caterpillar and adult stages. Moreover, the models predicted that climate change in the late 21st century will increase the abundance of and extend the oviposition period of C. pomona.


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How to Cite
CHAIANUNPORN, T., & KHOOSAKUNRAT, S. (2018). Relationship between Lemon Emigrant Butterfly Catopsilia pomona (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Population Dynamics and Weather Conditions in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand. Tropical Natural History, 18(2), 97-111. Retrieved from