Paleogeographic Reconstruction and History of the Sea Level Change at Sam Roi Yot National Park, Gulf of Thailand

  • PEERASIT SURAKIATCHAI Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • MONTRI CHOOWONG Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • PUNYA CHARUSIRI Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • THASINEE CHAROENTITIRAT Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • SAKONVAN CHAWCHAI Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • SANTI PAILOPLEE Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • AKKANEEWUT CHABANGBORN Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • SUMET PHANTUWONGRAJ Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • VICHAI CHUTAKOSITKANON Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • STAPANA KONGSEN Morphology of Earth Surface and Advanced Geohazards Research Unit (MESA RU), Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • PARISA NIMNATE Division of Geoscience, Mahidol University, Kanchanaburi Campus, Kanchanaburi 71150, THAILAND
  • RAPHAEL BISSEN Department of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
Keywords: Paleo-coastal bay, Holocene sea level change, beach ridge plain, progradation, Gulf of Thailand

Abstract

In this study, the paleogeography and the natural history of sea level change was reconstructed for the Sam Roi Yot National Park, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Gulf of Thailand, one of the tropical natural conservation areas. Beach ridge sand and marine shells attached to sea notches were dated by Optically Stimulated Luminescence and conventional C14 radiocarbon techniques. The paleo-landform features recognized in the inland region of the national park were a coastal bay, beach ridge plain and tombolos. The semi-circle paleo-coastal bay possibly developed at the same time as the upper sea notch, some 6,500–6,000 y ago. These inland landforms have subsequently become a tidal flat after tombolos connected the limestone islands to the mainland. This process coincided with the formation of the middle sea notch, 3,000–1,000 y ago. A total of 163 shells were collected from 10 locations with different environments, including the beach ridge, swale, tidal flat and former tidal flat. They were classified into 57 species (12 Gastropoda and 45 Bivalvia species). Anadara inaequivalvis, Anadara pilula, Saccostrea cucullata, Anomalocardia squamosal, Meretrix meretrix and Dosinia cretacea were found extensively in most areas. All these species indicated a mangrove environment to the intertidal zone.

References

Brill, D., Jankaew, K., Neubauer, N.P., Kelletat, D., Scheffers, A., Vött, A. and Brückner, H., 2014: Holocene coastal evolution of southwest Thailand – implications for the site-specific preservation of palaeotsunami deposits. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 1-31.
Chalermlarp, S., 1996: Systematization of geological information for land management: a case study of Changwat Prachuap Khiri Khan. Unpublished Master thesis, Geology Department, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 252 p.
Choowong, M., 2002: The geomorphology and assessment of indicators of sea-level changes to study coastal evolution from the Gulf of Thailand. In Proceedings of International Symposium on “Geology of Thailand”, Department of Mineral Resources, Thailand, August, 2002, pp. 207-220.
Choowong, M., 2011: Quaternary. In: Ridd, M.F., Barber, A.J., Crow, M.J. (Eds): Book Series on Geology of Thailand. Geological Society of London (Chapter 12), pp. 335-350
Choowong, M., Ugai, H., Charoentitirat, T., Charusiri, P., Daorerk, V., Songmuang, R. and Ladachart, R. 2004: Holocene Biostratigraphical Records in Coastal Deposits from Sam Roi Yod National Park, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Western Thailand. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 4(2), 1-18.
Culver, S.J., Leorri, E., Mallinson, D.J., Corbett, D.R., Shazili, N.A.M., 2015: Recent coastal evolution and sea-level rise, Setiu Wetland, Peninsular Malaysia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 417, 416-421.
Department of Mineral Resources (DMR), 1999: Geological map of Thailand scale 1:1,000,000. Geological Survey Division, Department of Mineral Resources of Thailand.
Dusitapirom, U., Choowong, M. and Daorerk, V., 2008: Analysis in genesis and pattern of limestone sea notches from Sam Roi Yot National Park, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Southern Thailand. Bulletin of Earth Sciences of Thailand 1, 35-39.
Geyh, M.A., Kudrass, H-R. and Streif, H., 1979: Sea-level changes during the late Pleistocene and Holocene in the Straits of Malacca. Nature 278, 441-443.
Hesp, P.A., Hung, C.C., Hilton, M., Ming, C.L. and Turner, I.M., 1998: A first tentative Holocene sea-level curve for Singapore. Journal of Coastal Research 14, 308-314.
Horton B.P., Gibbard P.L., Milne G.M., Morley R.J., Purin Tavaragul C. and Stargardt J.M., 2005: Holocene sea levels and palaeoenvironments, Malay-Thai Peninsula, Southeast Asia. Holocene 15, 1199-1213.
Kázmér, M. and Taboroši, D., 2012: Bioerosion on the Small Scale - Examples from the Tropical and Subtropical Littoral. Monostori Jubilee Volume, 7. Hantkeniana, pp. 37–94 (Budapest).
Kelletat, D., 1997: Mediterranean coastal biogeomorphology: processes form and sea-level indicators. In: Briand, F., Maldonado, A. (Eds.): Transformations and Evolution of Mediterranean Coastline: Monaco: Bull. Inst. of Oceanography, special, 18, pp. 209–226.
Köppen, W., 1918: Klassification der Klimate nach Temperatur, Niederschlag and Jahreslauf". Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen 64, pp. 193–203, 243–248
Lansai, C., 2004: Geomorphology of Phrathong Island, Andaman coast of Thailand. Unpublished B. Sc. thesis, Geology Department, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 65 p.
Mallinson, D.J., Culver, S.J., Corbett, D.R., Parham, P.R., Shazili, N.A.M., Yaacob, R., 2014: Holocene coastal response to monsoons and relative sea-level changes in northeast peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 91, 194-205.
Manisarn, V., 1995: Geography and Climatology in Every Season of Various Parts in Thailand. Meteorology Department of Thailand, Technical No. 551.582-02-1995, ISBN: 974-7567-25-3.
Murray A.S. and Wintle A.G., 2000: Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Radiation Measurements, 32, 57–73.
Murray A.S. and Wintle A.G., 2003: The single aliquot regenerative dose protocol: Potential for improvements in reliability. Radiation Measurements 37, 377–381.
Nimnate, P., Chutakositkanon, V., Choowong, M, Pailoplee, S. and Phantuwongraj, S., 2015: Evidence of Holocene sea level regression from Chumphon coast of the Gulf of Thailand. ScienceAsia 41(1), 55-63.
Nutalaya, P and Rau, J.J., 1981: Bangkok: The Sinking Metropolis. Episodes 4, 3-8.
Peltier, W.R., 2004: Global glacial isostasy and the surface of the ice-age Earth: the ICE-5G (VM2) model and GRACE. Annual Reviews of Earth Planetary Science 32, 111–149.
Phantuwongraj, S., Choowong, M., and Silapanth, P., 2010: Geological evidence of sea-level change: a preliminary investigation at Panang Tak area, Chumphon province, Thailand. Scientific congress of the Geological Society of Japan 117 (Toyama event): 18-20 September 2010, Toyama, Japan
Phantuwongraj, S., and Choowong, M., 2012: Tsunami versus storm deposits from Thailand. Natural Hazards 63 (1), 30-50.
Phantuwongraj, S., Choowong, M., Nanayama, F., Hisada, K., Charusiri, P., Chutakositkanon, V., Pailoplee, S. and Chabangbon, A. 2013: Coastal geomorphic conditions and styles of washover deposits by NE monsoon from southern Thailand. Geomorphology 192, 43-58.
Pirazzoli P.A., 2005: Sea-level indicators, geomorphic. In: Schwartz ML (ed.): Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Springer, pp. 836–838.
Pirazzoli, P.A. and Evelpidou, N., 2013: Tidal notches: A sea-level indicator of uncertain archival trustworthiness. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 369, 377–384.
Reimer, P.J., Baillie, M.G.L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Ramsey, B.C., Buck, C.E., Burr, G.S., Edwards, R.L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P.M., Guilderson, T.P., Hajdas, I., Heaton, T.J., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kaiser, K.F., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., Manning, S.W., Reimer, R.W., Richards, D.A., Southon, J.R., Talamo, S., Turney, C.S.M., van der Plicht, J. and Weyhenmeyer, C.E., 2009: IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0-50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4), 1111–1150.
Robba, E., Chaimanee, N., Dheeradilok, P., Jongkanjanasoonthorn, Y., Picolli, G., and Boyl, A.P., 1993: Late Quaternary molluscan communities from the Bangkok Clay, Thailand. In Proceedings of International symposium on Biostratigraphy of Mainland Southeast Asia; Facies and Palaeotology, Chiang Mai, pp. 427-437.
Robba, E., I. Di Geronimo, N. Chaimanee, M. P. Negri and R. Sanfilippo., 2002: Holocene and Recent shallow soft-bottom mollusks from the northern Gulf of Thailand area: Bivalvia. Bollettino Malacologico 38(5/8).
Robba, E., I. Di Geronimo, N. Chaimanee, M. P. Negri and R. Sanfilippo., 2004: Holocene and Recent shallow soft-bottom mollusks from the northern Gulf of Thailand area: Scaphopoda, Gastropoda, additions to Bivalvia, Evolver. 1-289.
Robba, E., I. Di Geronimo, N. Chaimanee, M. P. Negri and R. Sanfilippo., 2007: Holocene and Recent shallow soft-bottom mollusks from the Western Gulf of Thailand: Pak Phanang Bay and additions to Phetchaburi fauna. Società italiana di malacologia. 1-98.
Roberts, H. and Plater, A.J., 2006: Reconstruction of Holocene foreland progradation using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating: An example from Dungeness, UK. Holocene 17(4), 495–505.
Scheffers, A., Brill, D., Scheffers, S., Kelletat, D. and Fox, K., 2012: Holocene sea levels along the Andaman Sea coast of Thailand. Holocene 22, 1169-1180.
Sinsakul, S., 1992: Evidence of quaternary sea level changes in the coastal areas of Thailand: a review. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences 7, 23-37.
Southon, J., Kashgarian, M., Fontugne, M., Metivier, B. and Yim, W.W.S., 2002: Marine reservoir corrections for the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia. Radiocarbon 44, 167–180.
Supajanya, T., 1983: Tentative correlation of old shorelines around the Gulf of Thailand. First Symposium on Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, October 1983, pp. 96-105.
Surakiatchai, P., 2006: Classification of gastropoda and bivalvia fossils from the Khao Sam Roi Yod National Park, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, Department of Geology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 117 p.
Takaya, Y., 1971: Two brackish clay beds along the Chao Phraya River of Thailand. Center for S.E. Asian studies, Kyoto University 9, 46-57.
Thiramongkol, N., 1983: Reviews of geomorphology of Thailand. First Symposium on Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 6-23.
Tjia, H.D., 1996: Sea-level changes in the tectonically stable Malay-Thai Peninsula. Quaternary International 31, 95-101.
Umitsu, M., Tiyapairach, S., Chaimanee, N. and Kawase, K., 2002: Late Holocene sea-level change and evolution of the Central Plain, Thailand. Symposium on Geology of Thailand, 26-31 August, 2002, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 196-200.
Williams, H., Choowong, M., Phantuwongraj, S., Surakiatchai, P., Thongkhao, T., Kongsen, S., and Simon, E., 2016: Geologic records of Holocene typhoon strikes on the Gulf of Thailand coast. Marine Geology 372, 66-78.
Published
2018-09-29
How to Cite
SURAKIATCHAI, P., CHOOWONG, M., CHARUSIRI, P., CHAROENTITIRAT, T., CHAWCHAI, S., PAILOPLEE, S., CHABANGBORN, A., PHANTUWONGRAJ, S., CHUTAKOSITKANON, V., KONGSEN, S., NIMNATE, P., & BISSEN, R. (2018). Paleogeographic Reconstruction and History of the Sea Level Change at Sam Roi Yot National Park, Gulf of Thailand. Tropical Natural History, 18(2), 112-134. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnh/article/view/148171
Section
Articles