Molecular Phylogenetic Support to the Resurrection of Pareas macularius from the Synonymy of Pareas margaritophorus (Squamata: Pareidae)

Authors

  • Sunutcha Suntrarachun Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • Lawan Chanhome Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • Sjon Hauser 71 Wiang Phing Road, Mueang, Chiang Mai 50100, THAILAND
  • Montri Sumontha Ranong Marine Fisheries Station, Ranong 85000, THAILAND
  • Kirati Kanya Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, THAILAND

Keywords:

Pareas margaritophorus, Pareas macularius, DNA sequencing

Abstract

The taxonomy of the Asian snail-eating snakes in the genus Pareas Wagler, 1830 has been an ongoing controversy. Recently suggested taxonomic changes included the synonymization of Pareas macularius Theobaldi, 1868 with Pareas margaritophorus (Jan in Bocourt, 1866), and subsequent resurrection of P. macularius as a valid species on the basis of morphological data for more than 60 specimens from northern Thailand and the holotypes of both species. To confirm the validity of P. macularius, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA sequences data for 14 bicolored and spotted snail-eaters from Thailand (morphologically identified as either P. macularius or P. margaritophorus). The results strongly supported the validity of P. macularius as a species distinct from P. margaritophorus.

Author Biographies

Lawan Chanhome, Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND

Snake Farm, Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Thai Red Cross Society

Montri Sumontha, Ranong Marine Fisheries Station, Ranong 85000, THAILAND

Ranong Marine Fisheries Station, Ranong

Kirati Kanya, Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, THAILAND

Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo, Nakhon Ratchasima

References

Bibi, S. S., Rehman, A., Minhas, R. A. and Janjua, S. Evaluation of DNA extraction method from formalin preserved skin samples of Panthera pardus molecular genetic assessment. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 25: 1196-1199.

Boulenger, G. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), British Museum, London, 3: 727.

Cox, M. J., Hoover, M. F., Chanhome, L. and Thirakhupt, K. 2012. The snakes of Thailand. 1st ed. Bangkok: Sirabutr Printing.

Danaisawadi, P., Asami, T., Ota, H., Sutcharit, C. and Panha, S. 2015. Subtle asymmetries in the snail-eating snake Pareas carinatus (Reptilia: Pareatidae). Journal of Ethology, 33: 243-246.

Dowling, H. G. 1951. A proposed standard system of counting ventrals in snakes. British Journal of Herpetology, 1(5): 97-99.

Figueroa, A., McKeloy, A. D., Grismer, L. L., Bell, C. D. and Lailvaux, S. P. 2016. A species-level phylogeny of extent snakes with description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus. PLoS ONE 2016: 11 (9): e 016107 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone. 016107

Grossmann, W. and Tillack, F. 2003. On the taxonomic status of Asthenodipsas tropidonotus (Van Lidth de Jeude, 1923) and Pareas vertebralis (Boulenger, 1900) (Serpentes: Colubridae: Pareatinae). Russian Journal of Herpetology, 10(3): 175-190.

Guo, Y., Wu, Y., He, S. and Zhao, E. 2011. Systematics and molecular phylogenetics of Asian snail-eating snakes (Pareatidae). Zootaxa, 3001: 57-64.

Hauser, S. 2017. On the validity of Pareas macularius Theobald, 1868 (Squamata: Pareidae) as a species distinct from Pareas margaritophorus (Jan in Bocourt, 1866). Tropical Natural History, 17(1): 147-174.

Hoso, M. 2017. Asymmetry of mandibular dentition is associated with dietary specialization in snail-eating snakes. Peer Journal, 5: e3011; DOI 10.7717/peerj.3011

Huang, Q. Y. 2004. Pareas macularius Theobald, 1868 Should be a Junior Synonym of Pareas margaritophorus (Jan, 1866). Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 23(3): 207-208. (in Chinese)

Jan, G. 1866. In Bocourt, F., Note sur les reptiles, les batraciens et les poisons recueillis pendant un voyage dans le royaume de Siam. Nouvelles Archives Museum Naturale Histoire, 2(2): 4-20.

Lawson, R., Slowinski, J. B., Crother, B. I. and Burbrink, F. T. 2005. Phylogeny of the Colubroidea (Serpentes): New evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 37: 581-601.

Lee, J. E., Yang, D. E., Kim, Y. R., Lee, H., Lee, H. I., Yang, S. Y. and Lee, H. Y. 1999. Genetic relationships of Korean treefrogs (Amphibia; Hylidae) based on mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rRNA genes. Korean Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 295-301.

Mulcahy, D. G., Lee, J. L., Miller, A. H., and Zug, G. R. 2017. Troublesome trimes: potential cryptic speciation of the Trimeresurus (Popeia) popeiorum complex (Serpentes: Crotalidae) around the Isthmus of Kra (Myanmar and Thailand). Zootaxa, 4347(2): 301-315.

Pyron, R. A., Burbrink, F. T., Colli, G. R., de Oca, A. N., Vitt, L. J., Kuczynski, C. A. and Wiens, J. J. 2011. The phylogeny of advanced snakes (Colubroidea), with discovery of a new subfamily and comparison of support methods for likelihood trees. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58: 329-342.

Savage, J. M. 2015. What are the correct family names for the taxa that include the snake genera Xenodermus, Pareas, and Calamaria? Herpetological Review, 46: 664-665.

Smith, M. A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III. Serpentes, Taylor and Francis, London.

Suntrarachun, S. and Chanhome, L. 2017. Molecular genetic assessment of formalin-fixed ethanol-preserved King Cobra: A comparative study on pretreatment protocols and DNA extraction methods. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, 6(1): 14-20.

Taylor, E. H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 45 (9): 609-1079.

Theobald, W., 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Burma embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban and Tenassarim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology), 10: 4-67.

Uetz P. and Hošek, J. 2018. The Reptile Database. Available from http://www.reptile-database.org Accessed on 20-12-2018.

Vogel, G. 2010. On the distribution of Pareas hamptoni (Boulenger, 1905) in Thailand (Serpentes: Pareatinae). Russian Journal of Herpetology, 17(3): 2019-222.

Vogel, G. 2015. A new montane species of the genus Pareas Wagner, 1830 (Squamata: Pareatidae) from northern Myanmar. Taprobanica, 7(1): 1-10.

Wallach, V., Williams, K. L. and Boundy, J. 2014. Snakes of the World. A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. CRC Press, Boca Raton (Florida). 1227.

Wang, P., Che, J., Liu, Q., Li, K., Jin, J. Q., Jiang, K., Shi, L., and Guo, P. 2020. A revised taxonomy of Asian snail-eating snakes Pareas (Squamata, Pareidae): evidence from morphological comparison and molecular phylogeny. ZooKeys, 939: 45-64.

You, C. W., Poyarkov Jr, N. A. and Lin, S. M. 2015. Diversity of the snail-eating snakes Pareas (Serpentes, Pareatidae) from Taiwan. Zoologica Scripta. 1-13.

Zaher, H., Murphy, R. W., Arredondo, J. C., Grabski, R., Machado-Filho, P. R., Mahlow, K., Montingelli, G. G., Quadros, A. B., Orlov, N. L., Wilkinson, M., Zhang, Y. P., and Grazziotin, F. G. 2019. Large-scale molecular phylogeny, morphology, divergence-time estimation, and the fossil record of advanced caenophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). PLoS One, 14(5): e021 6148; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216148

Downloads

Published

2020-07-28

How to Cite

Suntrarachun, S., Chanhome, L., Hauser, S., Sumontha, M., & Kanya, K. (2020). Molecular Phylogenetic Support to the Resurrection of Pareas macularius from the Synonymy of Pareas margaritophorus (Squamata: Pareidae). Tropical Natural History, 20(2), 182–190. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnh/article/view/176120

Issue

Section

Original Articles