The Semi-Aquatic Freshwater Earthworm Genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Myanmar (Oligochaeta: Almidae) with Description of a New Species

Authors

  • Ratmanee Chanabun Program in Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture Technology, Sakon Nakhon Rajabhat University, Sakon Nakhon 47000, THAILAND
  • Aung Lin Fauna and Flora International, Myanmar Program, Myay Nu Street, Sanchaung Township, Yangon, MYANMAR
  • Parin Jirapatrasilp Animal Systematics Research Unit, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
  • Ueangfa Bantaowong Division of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Pathum Thani, 12110, THAILAND

Keywords:

Glyphidrilus, earthworm, Almidae, new species, Myanmar

Abstract

After the publication of the comprehensive monograph on Burmese earthworms by Gordon E. Gates in 1972, there has only been one recent publication by Csuzdi et al. (2015), which reported seven species records belonging to the families Moniligastridae, Benhamiidae, Octochaetidae and Megascolecidae, but did not include any species in the family Almidae. During 2015–2016, we collected Glyphidrilus samples (family Almidae) from some parts of Myanmar under the Fauna and Flora International (FFI) program, resulting in the discovery of Glyphidrilus tonywhitteni Chanabun and Panha, new species. It differs from its congeners by having clitellar wings at 21–25, ½26, clitellum location at 14, 15–30, 31, genital markings paired on bc at 13, 14–20 and 26 and on aa at 11–13, 14, and spermathecae at 13/14–15/16.

References

Beddard, F.E. 1895. A monograph of the Order of Oligochaeta. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 769 pp. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.28557.

Blakemore, R.J. 2006. Checklist of Myanmar taxa updated from Gates’ (1972): “Burmese Earthworms”. In. KANEKO N. and ITO, M.T. (Eds.) A Series of Searchable Texts on Earthworm Biodiversity, Ecology and Systematics from Various Regions of the World. 2nd edition, Yokohama, Pp. 1–21.

Brinkhurst, R.O. and Jamieson, B.G.M. 1971. Aquatic Oligochaeta of the World. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 753 pp.

Chanabun, R., Bantaowong, U., Sutcharit, C., Tongkerd, P., Inkavilay, K., James, S.W. and Panha, S. 2011. A new species of semi-aquatic freshwater earthworm of the genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Laos (Oligochaeta: Almidae). Tropical Natural History, 11 (2): 213–222.

Chanabun, R., Bantaowong, U., Sutcharit, C., Tongkerd, P., James, S.W. and Panha, S. 2012a. A new species of semi-aquatic freshwater earthworm of the genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from the Mekong River (Oligochaeta: Almidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 60 (2): 265–277.

Chanabun, R., Inkavilay, K., and Panha, S. 2017. New species of semi-aquatic freshwater earthworm genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Thailand and Laos (Oligochaeta, Almidae). ZooKeys, 672: 1–34. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.672.10212.

Chanabun, R. and Panha, S. 2015. Two new species of semi-aquatic earthworms genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Malaysia (Oligochaeta: Almidae). Tropical Natural History, 15 (2): 179–189.

Chanabun, R., Sutcharit, C., Tongkerd, P. and Panha, S. 2013. The semi-aquatic freshwater earthworms of the genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Thailand (Oligochaeta, Almidae) with re-descriptions of several species. ZooKeys, 265: 1–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.265.3911.

Chanabun, R., Sutcharit, C., Tongkerd, P., Tan, S.H.A. and Panha, S. 2012b. Three new species of semi-aquatic freshwater earthworms of the genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Malaysia (Clitellata: Oligochaeta: Almidae). Zootaxa, 3458: 120–132.

Chen, Y. 1938. Oligochaeta from Hainan, Kwangtung. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China (Zoology), 12: 375–427.

Csuzdi, C.S., Szederjesi, T., Win, T.M., Nyi, C., Aye, M.M. and Hong, Y. 2015. Data to the earthworm fauna of Myanmar with notes on some little known species (Annelida, Oligochaeta). Opuscula Zoologica Budapest, 46(2): 177–182.

Frenken, K. 2012. Irrigation in Southern and Eastern Asia in Figures: AQUASTAT Survey– 2011. FAO Water Report 37, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation, Rome, 487 pp.

Gates, G.E. 1933. The earthworms of Burma, IV. Records of the Indian Museum, 35: 413–606.

Gates, G.E. 1958. On Indian and Burmese earthworms of the genus Glyphidrilus. Records of the Indian Musuem, 53: 53–66.

Gates, G.E. 1972. Burmese earthworms, an introduction to the systematics and biology of megadrile oligochaetes with special reference to the Southeast Asia. Transactions of the American Phlilosophical Society, 62: 1–326.

Horst, R. 1889. Over eene nieuwe soort onder de Lumbricinen door Prof. Max Weber uit Nederl. Indië medegebracht. Tijdschrift der Nederlandsche Dierkundige Vereeniging, 2: 77.

Jamieson, B.G.M. 1968. A new species of Glyphidrilus (Microchaetidae: Oligochaeta) from East Africa. Journal of Natural History, 2: 387–395.

Jamieson, B.G.M. 2006. Chapter 8: Non-leech Clitellata. In: Rouse G and Pleijel F (eds.) Reproductive biology and phylogeny of Annelida. Science Publishers, Enfield. p. 235–392.

Jirapatrasilp, P., Prasankok, P., Sutcharit, C., Chanabun, R. and Panha, S. 2016. Two new Cambodian semi-aquatic earthworms in the genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 (Oligochaeta, Almidae), based on morphological and molecular data. Zootaxa, 4189(3): 543–558. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4189.3.5.

Jirapatrasilp, P., Backeljau, T., Prasankok, P., Chanabun, R. and Panha, S. 2019. Untangling a mess of worms: Species delimitations reveal morphological crypsis and variability in Southeast Asian semi-aquatic earthworms (Almidae, Glyphidrilus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 139: 106531. https://doi.org/10.1016//j.ympev.2019.106531.

Michaelsen, W. 1896. Oligochaeten. Ergebnisse einer zoologishen Forschungsreise in den Molukken und in Borneo, im Auftrage der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft ausgeführt von Dr. Willy Kükenthal. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 23: 193–243.

Michaelsen, W. 1907. Neue Oligochaten von Vorder-Indien, Ceylon, Birma und den Andaman-Inseln. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 24: 143–188.

Michaelsen, W. 1908. The Oligochaeta of India, Nepal, Ceylon, Burma and the Andaman Islands. Memoirs of the Indian Museum, 1: 103–253.

Michaelsen, W. 1910. Die Oligochätenfauna der vonderindisch-ceylonischen Region. Abhandulngen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften, 19: 1–108.

Michaelsen, W. 1918. Die Lumbriciden, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der bisher als Familie Glossoscolecidae zusammenfassten Unterfamilien. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, 41: 1–398.

Rosa, D. 1888. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e Regioni vicini V. Perichetidi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2.a, 6: 155–167.

Rosa, D. 1890a. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e Regioni vicini XXV. Moniligastridi, Geoscolecidi ed Eudrilidi (I2). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2.a, 9: 368–400.

Rosa, D. 1890b. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e Regioni vicini XXVI. Perichetidi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2.a, 10: 107–122.

Shen, H.P. and Yeo, D.C.J. 2005. Terrestrial earthworms (Oligochaeta) from Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 53: 13–33.

Stephenson, J. 1912. Contributions to the fauna of Yunnan based on collections made by J. Coggin Brown, B.Sc., 1909-1910. Part VIII. Earthworms. Records of the Indian Museum, 7: 273–278.

Stephenson, J. 1916. On a collection of Oligochaeta belonging to the Indian Museum. Records of the Indian Museum, 12: 299–354.

Stephenson, J. 1923. Oligochaeta. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. London, Taylor and Francis, 518 pp.

Stephenson, J. 1930. On some Oligochaeta from Berhala Island in the Straits of Malacca. Miscellanea Zoologica Sumatrana, 48: 1–5.

Wang, A.R., Hong, Y., Win, T.M. and Kim, I.S. 2015. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Burmese giant earthworm, Tonoscolex birmanicus (Clitellata: Megascolecidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 26(3): 467–468. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2013.830 300.

Downloads

Published

2020-07-28

How to Cite

Chanabun, R., Lin, A. ., Jirapatrasilp, P. ., & Bantaowong, U. . (2020). The Semi-Aquatic Freshwater Earthworm Genus Glyphidrilus Horst, 1889 from Myanmar (Oligochaeta: Almidae) with Description of a New Species. Tropical Natural History, 20(2), 203–218. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnh/article/view/242112

Issue

Section

Original Articles