Morphological and Genetic Evidence Confirmed Three New Records of Ghost Shark Species (Chimaeriformes) From the Andaman Sea of Thailand

  • Tassapon Krajangdara Phuket Marine Fisheries Research and Development Center, Department of Fisheries, Phuket, THAILAND
  • Fahmi Research Centre for Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jakarta, INDONESIA
  • David A. Ebert Pacific Shark Research Center, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, California, USA
  • Chanikarn Chaorattana Animal Systematics and Molecular Ecology Research Group, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, THAILAND
  • Jenjit Khudamrongsawat Animal Systematics and Molecular Ecology Research Group, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, THAILAND
Keywords: Chimaera, Hydrolagus, Neoharriotta, morphological, DNA barcoding, Andaman Sea, Thailand

Abstract

Three species of ghost sharks (Chimaeriformes) were recorded for the first time from the Andaman Sea of Thailand during a deep-sea trawl survey conducted from October 1-15, 2018. Morphological characteristics primarily revealed species described as the sicklefin chimaera, Neoharriotta pinnata (Rhinochimaeridae), longspine chimaera, Chimaera aff. macrospina (Chimaeridae) and Philippine chimaera, Hydrolagus cf. deani (Chimaeridae). The presence of N. pinnata in the Andaman Sea of Thailand provided a plausible extension of its distributional range, but the record of the other two ghost sharks were far outside their known ranges and remained tentative. Using DNA barcoding, the Chimaera aff. macrospina sample was different from Australian C. macrospina and any other Chimaera species whose DNA sequences were available in databases. The sample of Hydrolagus cf. deani showed slight differences in morphology with the known H. deani, H. mitsukurii and H. africanus. It was close to H. africanus based on the genetic information, but state morphologically, especially shape of second dorsal fin, this specimen was most similar to H. deani.

References

Ali, A., Jawad, L., and Sheikh, A. 2009. First record of Neoharriotta pinnata (Condrichthys: Rhinochimaeridae) and second record of Satyrichthys adeni (Osteichthys: Peristediidae) from Gulf of Aden. Republic of Yemen. Marine Biodiversity Records, 2(e170): 1-4.

Ali, A., Khiok, A.L.P., Fahmi, Dharmadi and Krajangdara, T. 2014. Field guide to rays, skates and chimaeras of the Southeast Asian region. Malaysia: SEAFDEC/ MFRDMD.

Clerkin, P.J., Ebert, D.A. and Kemper, J.M. 2017. New species of Chimaera (Chondrichthyes: Holocephali: Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae) from the southwestern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa, 4312(1): 1-37.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1999. Chimaeras: In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (Eds), Species identification guide for fishery purposes: The living marine resources of the western central Pacific: Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Loniphrynidae) (vol. 3). Rome, FAO. pp. 1531-1537.

Compagno, L.J.V. (2005). Checklist of living Chondrichthyes: In Hamlett, W.C. (Ed), Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Chondrichthyes–Sharks, Batoids and Chimaeras. Enfield, NH, Science Publishers. pp. 503-548.

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. and Fowler, S.L. 2005. Sharks of the World. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Didier, D.A. 1995. Phylogenetic systematics of extantchimaeroid fishes (Holocephali, Chimaeroidei). American Museum Novitates no. 3119. 1-86 pp.

Didier, D.A., and Stehmann, M. 1996. Neoharriotta pumila, a new species of longnose chimaera from the Northwestern Indian Ocean (Pisces, Holocephali, Rhinochimaeridae). Copeia, 1996(4): 955-965.

Didier, D.A. 2002. Chimaeras: In Carpenter, K.E. (Ed.), The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic.Volume 1:Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes and chimaeras. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes and American Society of Ichthylogists and Herpetologists (Special Publication No 5). Rome, FAO. 2002. pp. 591-599.

Didier, D.A. 2004. Phylogeny and classification of extant Holocephali: In Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A. and Heithaus, M. R.(Eds), Biology of Sharks and their Relatives. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press. pp. 115-135.

Didier, D.A., Last, P.R., and White, W.T. 2008. Three new species of the genus Chimaera Linnaeus (Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae) from Australia: In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski (Eds), Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans (vol. 022). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research paper. pp. 327-399.

Didier, D.A., Kemper, J.M. and Ebert, D.A. 2012. Phylogeny, biology, and classification ofextant Holocephalans, Biology of Sharks and their Relatives, 2nd(Carrier, J. C., Musick, J. A. andHeithaus, M. R.), 97-122. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Diez, G., and Mugerza, E. 2017. The first record of the sicklefin chimaera Neoharriotta pinnata (Chimaeriformes: Rhinochimaeridae) in the Southern Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic). Journal of Ichthyology, 57(5): 776-779.

Ebert, D.A. 2014. FAO species catalogue for fishery purposes no.8: Deep–sea cartilaginous fishes of the Indian Ocean (vol. 2. Batoids and Chimaeras). Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization.

Ebert, D.A. and Winton, M.V. 2010. Chondrichthyans of high latitude seas: In Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A. and Heithaus, M.R.(Eds.), The Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, vol.2. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp.115-158.

Fukui, Y., Matsunuma, M. and Motomora, H. 2015. A list of demersal fishes collected from off Kuro-shima island in the Osumi Group, Kagoshima Prefacture, southern Japan, with record of Hydrolagusmitsukurii (Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae). Nature of Kagoshima, 41: 177-186.

Iwamoto, T. and McCosker, J.E. 2014. Deep-water fishes of the 2011, Hearst Philippine biodiversity expedition by the California Academy of Sciences: In Williams, G.C. and T. M. Gosliner, T.M. (Eds). The Coral Triangle. The 2011 Hearst Philippine Biodiversity Expedition. California Academy of Sciences. pp. 263-332.

Jawad, L.A., Al-Mamry, J.M., and Al-Busaidi, H.K. 2012. First reliable record of the sicklefin chimaera, Neoharriotta pinnata (Schnakenbeck, 1931), from the northern Arabian Sea (Chondrichthyes: Rhinochimaeridae). Zoology in the Middle East, 56(1): 139-141.

Kemper, J.M., Ebert, D.A., Compagno, L.J.V.and Didier, D.A. 2010. Chimaera notafricana sp. nov. (Chondrichthyes: Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae), a new species of chimaera from southern Africa. Zootaxa, 2532: 55-63.

Kemper, J.M., Ebert, D.A., Naylor, G.J.P. and Didier, D.A. 2014. Chimaera carophila (Chondrichthyes: Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae), a new species of chimaera from New Zealand. Bulletin of Marine Science, 91(1): 63-81.

Koressaar, T. and Remm, M. 2007. Enhancements and modifications of primer design program Primers. Bioinformatics, 23: 1289-1291.

Krajangdara, T. 2017. The Cartilaginous Fishes (Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras) Found in Thai Waters and the Adjacent Areas. Department of Fisheries, Thailand (In Thai).

Kumar, S., Strecher, G. and Tamura, K. 2016. MEGA7: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger dataset. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33: 1870-1874.

Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and rays of Australia. Second Edition. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Manilo, A.G., and Movchan, Y.V. 1989. First record of longnosed chimaera, Neoharriotta pinnata, from the Arabian Sea. Journal of Ichthyology, 29(7): 136-141.

Naylor, G.J.P., Caira, J.N., Jensen, K., Rosana, K.A.M., White, W.T., and Last, P.R. 2012. A DNA sequence-based approach to the identification of shark and ray species and its implications for global elasmobranch diversity and parasitology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 367: 1-262.

Nelson, J.S., Grande, T.C. and Wilson, M.V.H. 2016. Fishes of the World (5thed). New Jersey, John Wiley and Sonc, Inc.

Randall, J.E. and Lim, K.K.P. 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bull. Zoology, Supplement no. 8, pp. 569-667.

Smith, H.M. 1912. The chimaeroid fishes of the Philippine Islands, with description of a new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum no.42. pp. 231-233.

Suresh, T.V., and Raffi, S.M. 2012. First record of long nose chimaera Neoharriotta pinnata (Chondrichthys: Chimaeriformes: Rhinochimaeridae), from Bay of Bengal, India (north-eastern Indian Ocean). Marine Biodiversity Records, 5(e27): 1-3.

Tamura, K., Nei, M., Kumar, S. 2004. Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies by using the neighbor-joining method. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101: 11030-11035.

Untergasser, A., Cutcutache, I., Koressaar, T., Ye, J., Faircloth, B.C., Remm, M., and Rozen, S.G. 2012. Primer3-new capabilities and interfaces. Nucleic Acids Research, 40: e115.

Walovich, K.A., Ebert, D.A., and Didier, D.A. 2015. Redescription of Hydrolagus africanus (Gilchrist, 1922) (Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae), with a review of southern African chimaeroids and a key to their identification. African Journal of Marine Science, 37(2): 157-165.

Walovich, K.A., Ebert, D.A., and Kemper, J.M. 2017. Hydrolagus erithacus sp. nov. (Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae), a new species of chimaerid from southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian oceans. Zootaxa, 4226(4): 509-520.

Ward, R.D. 2009. DNA barcode divergence among species and genera of birds and fishes. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9: 1077-1085.

Ward, R.D., Zemlak, T.S., Innes, B.H., Last, P.R., and Hebert, P.D.N. 2005. DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 360: 1847-1857.

Weigmann, S. 2016. Annotated checklist of the living sharks, batoids and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) of the world, with a focuson biogeographical diversity. Journal of Fish Biology, no.88. pp. 837-1037.

White, W.T., Baje, L., Sabub, B., Appleyard, S.A., Pogonoski, J.J. and Mana, R.R. 2017. Sharks and Rays of Papua New Guinea. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) Monograph no. 189. pp. 1-327.

White, W. T. and Ko'Ou, A. 2018. An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyans of Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa, 4411(1): 1-82.

Published
2021-06-24
How to Cite
Krajangdara, T., Fahmi, Ebert, D. A., Chaorattana, C., & Khudamrongsawat, J. (2021). Morphological and Genetic Evidence Confirmed Three New Records of Ghost Shark Species (Chimaeriformes) From the Andaman Sea of Thailand. Tropical Natural History, 21(2), 218-233. Retrieved from https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnh/article/view/245840
Section
Original Articles