PREVALENCE OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AND ABILITY TO PERFORM ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING AMONG THE ELDERLY IN MUANG DISTRICT, CHANTABURI

  • Daravan Rongmuang 4Department of Adult and Elderly Nursing, Prapokklao Nursing College, Chanthaburi
  • Chuanchom Pauchpanpisan 4Department of Adult and Elderly Nursing, Prapokklao Nursing College, Chanthaburi
  • Pakamas Pimtara 4Department of Adult and Elderly Nursing, Prapokklao Nursing College, Chanthaburi
  • Yosapon Leaungsomnapa Department of Adult and Elderly Nursing, Prapokklao Nursing College, Chanthaburi
Keywords: Dementia, Prevalence, Elderly, Community, Activities of Daily Living

Abstract

The purpose of this cross-sectional research was to explore the prevalence of cognitive impairment and the ability to perform activities of daily living. A total of 314 elderly living in Muang district, Chantaburi was recruited using purposive sampling. The data collection tools composed of demographic data questionnaire, The Mental Status Examination Thai (MSET10), The Montreal
Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), The Barthel Index for Activities of Daily Living, Chula ADL index, and
The two-item depression screening test. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The
results revealed that
1. The prevalence of cognitive impairment among the elderly using MoCA screening was 85.03 percent and MSET10 was 6.05 percent
2. Both normal and expected dementia elderly were independent in basic activities of daily living 100 percent. Among normal and expected dementia elderly were totally dependent on instrumental activities of daily living 3.73 and 21.05 respectively, moderate dependent 12.20 and 47.37 respectively, and independent living in the community 84.07 and 31.58 respectively.
As a results, health care provider should create activities to promote the ability of cognition,
the ability to remember, the ability of response, attention and exclusive function training for the
elderly in the community in order to maintain the ability to perform activities of daily living of the
elderly.

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Published
2019-11-06
Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)