STATUS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE: THE CASE OF POOCHAOSAMINGPRAI MUNICIPALITY, PHRA PRADAENG DISTRICT, SAMUT PRAKAN PROVINCE
Keywords:Solid waste composition, Municipal Solid Waste, Solid Waste Management
Lack of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) sorting coupled with non-sanitary disposal causes not only effects on the environment and human health but also a current management problem for local authorities. Sustainable and proper management of the problem according to types of the MSW is important. This research aimed to evaluate sources, generation rate, and types of the MSW and to study current situation of MSW management in Poochaosamingprai Municipality during September 2020 to April 2021. The results indicated that approximately 99% of collected MSW from this area was disposed by Controlled Open Dump. The source identification revealed that this MSW was generated from communities (76.49%), fresh-food markets (1.70%), schools (0.79%), temples (1.77%), industrial sector (16.04%) and non-industrial establishments (3.21%). If MSW separation at source was implemented properly, the estimated generation rate would be 1.48±0.08 kg per capita per day. Moreover, the highest proportion of the MSW from all sources was organic waste (51.44±0.85%), followed by general waste (39.75±3.95%), recycle waste (8.69±3.09%) and hazardous waste (0.12±0.20%), respectively. In the future, therefore, studies should focus on alternative waste management technologies for each type of MSW, for example composting or biogas production for organic waste and Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) for general waste, which can contribute to the proper and sustainable management of MSW
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