THE ASSESSMENT OF TRAFFIC AND ENERGY IMPACT BY USING MASS RAPID TRANSIT IN BANGKOK, THAILAND
Keywords:Impact of mass rapid transit, Impact of traffic, Impact of energy, Evaluation of energy-saving
The purpose of this research is to study the impact of traffic and energy from mass rapid transit in Bangkok, in which there are two systems available, Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) and Metropolitan Rapid Transit (MRT). It includes an analysis path of their services and an assessment of traffic conditions, the impact of fuel consumption from BTS and MRT using and conclusion. The results showed that the use of the two mass rapid transit systems affect the travel speed on the road which both systems use. Traffic on the road of the inner layer has a better condition than the middle and outer layers of around 2.2 and 4.6
times respectively. It can reduce fuel consumption by cars using the car park of the mass rapid transit about 13.13 million liters per year than drivers traveling by mass rapid transit. Promoting the use of public transport or mass rapid transit instead of passengers using their cars, especially in all the layers of Bangkok would solve traffic congestion and energy problems, which is likely to have reduced volume and higher costs. This approach will be the solution for the sustainable development.
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