• Natt Makul Department of Building Technology, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Phranakhon Rajabhat University, Bangkok, 10220
  • Gritsada Sua-iam Division of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bangkokthonburi University, Bangkok 10170


Green concrete, Sustainable development, Cleaner production


Global warming is a critical global issue given that it has the potential to jeopardize all human society. Among many causes, the cement and concrete industry is responsible for a major portion of greenhouse gas emissions. This review described perspectives on the uses and potential uses of cement and concrete as a green material, guidelines for green concrete. Related to cleaner technologies for the production of concrete, the major targets are achieving (a) a significant reduction in CO2 emissions, (b) a significant reduction in energy consumption and fossil fuel in the cementmanufacturing process, (c) a significant reduction in the use of substances that endanger health and/or the environment, (d) significant savings associated with the use of cement by partially replacing it with fly ash waste and/or other kinds of waste materials, (e) a significant increase in the use of new cement replacement materials, and (f) significant development of various possibilities relevant to recycling cement/concrete and the use of alternative aggregates.


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บทความปริทรรศน์ (Review Article)