Preparation of Nanofibers of Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composited with Few-Layer-Graphene for Anticorrosion Layer

Main Article Content

Korakot Onlaor
Boonthawee Putt
Thutiyaporn Thiwawong*
Benchapol Tunhoo


An anticorrosion layer is a significant component that prevents the corrosion process in materials. In this work, a nanofiber of poly (methyl methacrylate) composited with few-layer-graphene was prepared as an anticorrosion layer. An electrospinning process was applied to prepare composite nanofiber on a metal substrate at various concentrations of few-layer graphene. The physical properties of the composite nanofiber were investigated with field-emission scanning electron microscope, Raman spectroscopy, and contact angle measurement. The corrosion behavior was tested in an aqueous solution of 3.5% by weight of sodium chloride. It was found that a few-layer graphene concentration of 2 wt% in polymethacrylate showed the optimum anticorrosion on aluminum sheet, as observed on a Tafel graph. Compared with the uncoated metal, the coated aluminum sheet was protected against corrosion with a protection efficiency of 99.33%. The prepared materials prevented the infiltration of water and solution ions into the metal plate.

Keywords: graphene; poly(methyl methacrylate); corrosion; electrospinning

*Corresponding author: Tel.: (+66) 3298000



Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Research Articles


Chang, C.H., Huang, T.C., Peng, C.W., Yeh, T.C., Lu, H.I., Hung, W.I., Weng, C.J., Yang, T.I. and Yeh, J.M., 2012. Novel anti-corrosion coatings prepared from polyaniline/graphene composites. Carbon, 50 (14), 5044-5051.

Oyekunle, D.T., Agboola, O. and Ayeni, A.O., 2019. Corrosion Inhibitors as Building Evidence for Mild Steel: A Review. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1378(3), 032046,

Verma, C., Ebenso, E.E., Bahadur, I. and Quraishi, M.A., 2018. An overview on plant extracts as environmental sustainable and green corrosion inhibitors for metals and alloys in aggressive corrosive media. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 266, 577-590.

Meng, Y., Liu, L., ,Zhang, D., Dong, C., Yan, Y., Volinsky, A.A. and Wang, L.N., 2019. Initial formation of corrosion products on pure zinc in saline solution. Bioactive Materials, 4, 87-96.

Prasai, D., Tuberqui, J.C., Harl, R.R., Jennings, G.K. and Bolotin, K.I., 2012. Graphene: Corrosion-Inhibiting Coating. ACS Nano, 6(2), 1102-1108.

Kear, G., Barker, B.D., Stokes, K. and Walsh, F.C., 2004. Electrochemical Corrosion Behaviour of 90—10 Cu—Ni Alloy in Chloride-Based Electrolytes. Journal of Applied Electrochmistry, 34, 659-669.

Tsai, S.-T., ChangJean, W.-C., Huang, L.-Y. and Tsai, T.-C., 2020. On the anti-corrosion property of dry-gel-conversion-grown MFI zeolite coating on aluminum alloy. Materials, 13(20), 4595,

Craciun, M.F., Khrapach, I., Barnes, M.D. and Russo, S., 2013. Properties and applications of chemically functionalized graphene. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 25(42), 423201, https:/doi.org1088/0953-8984/25/42/423201/.

Kim, H., Miura, Y. and Macosko, C.W., 2010. Graphene/polyurethane nanocomposites for improved gas barrier and electrical conductivity. Chemistry of Materials, 22(11), 3441-3450.

Aïssa, B., Memon, N., Ali, A. and Khraisheh, K., 2015. Recent progress in the growth and applications of graphene as a smart material: a review. Frontiers in Materials, 2, 58,

Rajabi, M., Rashed, G.R. and Zaarei, D., 2014. Assessment of graphene oxide/epoxy nanocomposite as corrosion resistance coating on carbon steel. Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, 50(7), 509-516.

Krishnan, M.A., Aneja, K.S., Shaikh, A., Bohm, S., Sarkar, K., Bohm, H.L. and Raja, V.S., 2018. Graphene-based anticorrosive coatings for copper. RSC Advances, 8(1), 499-507.

Chen, S., Brown, L., Levendorf, M., Cai, W., Ju, S.Y., Edgeworth, J., Li, X., Magnuson, C.W., Velamakanni, A., Pine, R.D., Kang, J., Park, J. and Ruoff, R.S., 2011. Oxidation resistance of graphene-coated Cu and Cu/Ni alloy. ACS Nano, 5(2), 1321-1327.

Yu, Y.H., Lin, Y.Y., Lin, C.H., Chan, C.C. and Huang, Y.C., 2014. High-performance polystyrene/graphene-based nanocomposites with excellent anti-corrosion properties. Polymer Chemistry, 5(2), 535-550.

Bohm, S., 2014. Graphene against corrosion, Nature Nanotechnology, 9(10), 741-742.

Agarwal, S., Greiner, A. and Wendorff, J.H., 2013. Functional materials by electrospinning of polymers. Progress in Polymer Science, 38(6), 963-991.

Ding, B., Wang, M., Wang, X., Yu, J. and Sun, G., 2010. Electrospun nanomaterials for ultrasensitive sensors. Materialstoday, 13(11), 16-27.

Liang, J., Zhao, H., Yue, L., Fan, G., Li, T., Lu, S., Chen, G., Gao, S., Asiri, A.M. and Sun, Z., 2020. Recent advances in electrospun nanofibers for supercapacitors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8(33), 16747-16789.

Jiang, S., Schmalz, H., Agarwal, S., Greiner, A., 2020. Electrospinning of ABS nanofibers and their high filtration performance. Advanced Fiber Materials, 2, 34-43.

Ju, B.J., Oh, J.H., Yun, C. and Park, C.H., 2018. Development of a superhydrophobic electrospun poly(vinylidene fluoride) web via plasma etching and water immersion for energy harvesting applications. RSC Advances, 8, 28825-28835.

Hashim, A. and Abbas, B., 2019. Recent review on Poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA)-polystyrene (PS) blend doped with nanoparticles for modern applications. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 14(3), 6-12.

Abdelsamad, A.M.A., Kwankhao, B., Gad-Allah, T.A., Khalil, A.S.G., Badawy, M.I., Bahners, T. and Ulbricht, M., 2017. Hydrophilic polyethersulfone-based microfiltration membranes by electrospinning of polymer blends. Desalination and Water Treatment, 86, 89-95.

Yu, Y., Zhang, F., Liu, Y., Zheng, Y., Xin, B., Jiang, Z., Peng, X. and Jin, S., 2020. Waterproof and breathable polyacrylonitrile/(polyurethane/fluorinated-silica) composite nanofiber membrane via side-by-side electrospinning. Journal of Materials Research, 35(9), 1173-1181.

Gurbani, N., Han, C.P., Marumoto, K., Liu, R.S., Choudhary, R.J. and Chouhan, N., 2018. Biogenic reduction of graphene oxide: An efficient superparamagnetic material for photocatalytic hydrogen production. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 1(11), 5907-5918.

Thomas, K.J., Sheeba, M., Nampoori, V.P.N., Vallabhan, C.P.G. and Radhakrishnan, P., 2008. Raman spectra of polymethyl methacrylate optical fibres excited by a 532 nm diode pumped solid state laser. Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, 10, 055303,

Cançado, L.G., Jorio, A., Ferreira, E.H.M., Stavale, F., Achete, C.A., Capaz, R.B., Moutinho, M.V.O., Lombardo, A., Kulmala, T.S. and Ferrari, A.C., 2011, Quantifying defects in graphene via Raman spectroscopy at different excitation energies. Nano Letters, 11(8), 3190-3196.

Das, A., Chakraborty, B. and Sood, A.K., 2008. Raman spectroscopy of graphene on different substrates and influence of defects. Bulletin of Materials Science, 31, 579-584.

Chang, K.C., Hsu, M.H., Lu, H.I., Lai, M.C., Liu, P.J., Hsu, C.H., Ji, W.F., Chuang, T.L., Wei, Y., Yeh, J.M. and Liu, W.R., 2014. Room-temperature cured hydrophobic epoxy/ graphene composites as corrosion inhibitor for cold-rolled steel. Carbon, 66, 144-153.

Hao, L., Lv, G., Zhou, Y., Zhu, K., Dong, M., Liu, Y. and Yu, D., 2018. High performance anti-corrosion coatings of poly (vinyl butyral) composites with poly N-(vinyl)pyrrole and carbon black nanoparticles. Materials, 11(11), 2307,

Olad, A. and Naseri, B., 2010. Preparation, characterization and anticorrosive properties of a novel polyaniline/clinoptilolite nanocomposite. Progress in Organic Coatings, 67(3), 233-238.

Liu, X., Jie, H., Liu, R., Liu, Y., Li, T. and Lyu, K., 2021. Research on the preparation and anticorrosion properties of EP/CeO2-GO nanocomposite coating. Polymers, 13(2), 183,

Shen, W., Feng, L., Liu, X., Luo, H., Liu, Z., Tong, P. and Zhang, W., 2016. Multiwall carbon nanotubes-reinforced epoxy hybrid coatings with high electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance prepared via electrostatic spraying. Progress in Organic Coatings, 90, 139-146.

Necolau, M.I. and Pandele, A.M., 2020. Recent advances in graphene oxide-based anticorrosive coatings: An overview. Coating, 10, 1149,

Huang, H.D., Ren, P.G., Chen, J., Zhang, W.Q., Ji, X. and Li, Z.M., 2012. High barrier graphene oxide nanosheet/poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite films. Journal of Membrane Science, 409-410, 156-163.

Ghauri, F.A., Raza, M.A., Baig, M.S. and Ibrahim, S., 2017. Corrosion study of the graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide-based epoxy coatings. Material Research Express, 4(12), 125601,