Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube/PEDOT: PSS Coated on Pineapple Fiber Paper Based Flexible Electrode for Electrochemical Application

Main Article Content

Chutima Oopathump*
Chutima Paksunchai
Chirawat Chantharangsi
Chutchai Pawong
Poemyot Wongbua-ngam


In this study, a green electrode made from natural fiber paper was investigated. A pineapple fiber paper was used as electrode support material. A mixture of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and PEDOT: PSS (MWCNTs/ PEDOT: PSS) was used as active electrode material. PEDOT: PSS, a conducting polymer, was applied as binder to connect between MWCNTs and the surface of pineapple fiber paper, and this setup showed decrease in electrode resistivity. Varying the MWCNT concentration mixed with PEDOT: PSS on pineapple fiber paper was explored. The 3 wt.% MWCNT device gave the maximum conductivity value of 10.87 S cm-1. Cyclic voltammetry and impedance analysis indicated that 3 wt.% MWCNT device showed considerable  promise as a flexible electrode for electrochemical devices for energy storage applications.

Keywords: green electrode; pineapple fiber paper; flexible electrode

*Corresponding author: Tel.: (+66) 20879600



Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Research Articles


Mehta, S., Jha, S. and Liang, H., 2020. Lignocellulose materials for supercapacitor and battery electrodes: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 134, 110345,

Taer, E., Agustino, Awitdrus, A., Farma, R. and Taslim, R., 2021. The synthesis of carbon nanofiber derived from pineapple leaf fibers as a carbon electrode for supercapacitor application. Journal of Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage, 18(3),

Taer, E., Apriwandi, A., Ningsih, Y.S., Taslim, R. and Agustino, 2019. Preparation of activated carbon electrode from pineapple crown waste for supercapacitor application. International Journal of Electrochemistry, 14, 2462-2475.

Altendorf, S., 2019. Major Tropical Fruits-Statistical Compendium 2018. [online] Available at:

Aziz, F.M.A., Surip, S.N., Bonnia, N.N. and Sekak, K.A., 2018. The effect of pineapple leaf Fiber (PALF) incorporation into polyethylene terephthalate (PET) on FTIR, morphology and wetting properties. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 105(1), http://

Yusof, Y., Ahmad, M.R., Saidin, W., Mustapa, M.S. and Tahar, M.S., 2012. Producing paper using pineapple leaf fiber. Advanced Materials Research, 383, 3382-3386.

Wang, Z., Zhang, W., Li, X. and Gao, L., 2016. Recent progress in flexible energy storage materials for lithium-ion batteries and electrochemical capacitors: A review. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 31(12), 1648-1664.

Zhu, Y., Cheng, S., Zhou, W., Jia, J., Yang, L., Yao, M., Wang, M., Wu, P., Luo, H. and Liu, M., 2017. Porous functionalized self-standing carbon fiber paper electrodes for high-performance capacitive energy storage. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9 (15), 13173-1318.

Yao, B., Zhang, J., Kou, T., Song, Y., Liu, T. and Li, Y., 2017. Paper-based electrodes for flexible energy storage devices. Advanced Science, 4 (7), 1700107,

Yang, Q., Pang, S.-K. and Yung, K.-C., 2014. Study of PEDOT-PSS in carbon nanotube/conducting polymer composites as supercapacitor electrodes in aqueous solution. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 728, 140-147.

Isaeva, I., Salitraa, G., Soffera, A., Cohen, Y.S., Aurbach, D. and Fischer, J., 2003. A new approach for the preparation of anodes for Li-ion batteries based on activated hard carbon cloth with pore design. Journal of Power Sources, 119 (121), 28-33.

Nguyen, V.A. and Kuss, C., 2020. Review-conducting polymer-based binders for lithium-ion batteries and beyond. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 167(6),

Antiohos, D., Folkes, G., Sherrell, P., Ashraf, S., Wallace, G.G., Aitchison, P., Harris, A.T., Chen, J. and Minett, A.I., 2011. Compositional effects of PEDOT-PSS/single walled carbon nanotube films on supercapacitor device performance. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21, 15987-15994.

Mannayil, J., Raman, S.M., Sankaran, J., Raman, R., Madambi, J. and Ezhuthachan, K., 2018. Solution processable PEDOT: PSS/Multiwalled carbon nanotube composite films for flexible electrode applications. Physica Status Solidi A, 215(18), 201701003.

Ba, Y., Zhou, S., Jiao, S. and Pan, W., 2018. Fabrication of polyaniline/copper sulfide/poly (ethylene terephthalate) thread electrode for flexible fiber-shaped supercapacitors. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 135(42),

Rasheed, H.Kh. and Kareen, A.A., 2018. Effect of multiwalled carbon nanotube reinforcement on the opto-electronic properties of polyaniline/c-Si heterojunction. Journal of Optical Communications, 42 (1), 25-29.

Ahmed, D.S., Haider, A.J. and Mohammad, M.R., 2013. Comparison of functionalization of multi walled carbon nanotubes treated by oil olive and nitric acid and their characterization. Energy Procedia, 36, 1111-1118.

Xiong, S., Zhang, L. and Lu, X., 2013. Conductivities enhancement of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly (styrene sulfonate) transparent electrodes with diol additives. Polymer Bulletin, 70, 237-247.

Tung, T., Kim, T.Y., Lee, H.W., Kim, E., Lee, T. and Suh, K., 2009. Conducting nanocomposites derived from poly(styrenesulfonate)-functionalized MWCNT-PSS and PEDOT. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 156 (12), 218-222.

Sarah S., Rahman, W., Majid, R.A., Yahya, W.J., Adrus, N., Hasannuddin, A. and Low, J.H., 2018. Optimization of pineapple leaf fiber extraction methods and their biodegradabilities for soil cover application. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 26, 319-329.

Oopathump, C., Kheowan, O., Charoenphakdee, A., Harnwunggmuang, A., Smith, S.W. and Smith, C.B., 2017. Thermoelectric characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotube/ Sodium cobalt oxide prepared by a low-cost flame sintering technique. Ceramics International, 43(18), 17086-17092.

Zhao, Z., Richardson, G.F., Meng, Q., Zhu, S., Kuan, H.-C. and Ma, J., 2016. PEDOT-based composites as electrode materials for supercapacitors. Nanotechnology, 27(4), 042001,

Branzoi, F. and Branzoi, V., 2014. Nanocomposites based on conducting polymers and functionalized carbon nanotubes with different dopants obtained by electropolymerization. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 4, 164-179.

Wang, J., Xu, Y., Chen, X. and Du, X., 2007. Electrochemical supercapacitor electrode material based on poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/polypyrrole composite. Journal of Power Sources, 163, 1120-1125.

Sharma, M., Adalati, R., Kumar, A., Chawla, V., and Chandra, R., 2021. Elevated performance of binder-free Co3O4 electrode for the supercapacitor applications. Nano Express, 2, 010002,

Masood, A., Shoukat, Z., Yousaf, Z., Sana, M., Iqbal, M. F., Rehman, A., Sultana, I., Razaq, A., 2018. High capacity natural fiber coated conductive and electroactive composite papers electrode for energy storage applications. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 136(13),

Yang, K., Zhong, L., Guan, R., Xiao, M., Han, D., Wang, S., Meng, Y., 2018. Carbon felt interlayer derived from rice paper and its synergistic encapsulation of polysulfides for lithium-sulfur batteries. Applied Surface Science, 441, 914-922.

Ramli, N.I., Ismail, N.A.B., Abd-Wahab, F. and Salim, W.W.A.W., 2018. Cyclic voltammetry and electrical impedance spectroscopy of electrodes modified with PEDOT: PSS-reduced graphene oxide composite. In: Kaushik Pal, ed. Transparent Conducting Films. London: Intech Open, pp. 1335-1345.

Sun, X., Xu, L., Wang, J. and Chen, W., 2019. MWCNT/cellulose collector as scaffold of nano-silicon for Li-Si battery. Silicon, 11, 1955-1962.

Ye, J., Simon, P. and Zhu, Y., 2020. Designing ionic channels in novel carbons for electrochemical energy storage. National Science Review, 7(1), 191-201.